|USS Refresh (AM-287)|
|Career (United States)|
|Builder:||General Engineering & Dry Dock Company, Alameda, California|
|Laid down:||22 September 1943|
|Launched:||12 April 1944|
|Commissioned:||10 April 1945|
|Decommissioned:||9 November 1946|
|Fate:||Transferred to the Republic of China, 30 June 1948|
|Struck:||13 July 1948|
|Career (Republic of China)|
|Name:||ROCS Yung Chang (AM 51)|
|Acquired:||30 June 1948|
|Fate:||Reported sunk off Southern China, 14 November 1965|
|Class & type:||Admirable-class minesweeper|
|Length:||184 ft 6 in (56.24 m)|
|Beam:||33 ft (10 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft 9 in (2.97 m)|
2 × ALCO 539 diesel engines, 1,710 shp (1.3 MW)|
Farrel-Birmingham single reduction gear
|Speed:||14.8 knots (27.4 km/h)|
1 × 3"/50 caliber gun DP|
2 × twin Bofors 40 mm guns
1 × Hedgehog anti-submarine mortar
2 × Depth charge tracks
|Part of:||US Pacific Fleet (1945-1946)|
|Awards:||2 Battle stars|
USS Refresh (AM-287) was an Admirable-class minesweeper built for the U.S. Navy during World War II. She was built to clear minefields in offshore waters, and served the Navy in the Pacific Ocean. Post-war, her crew returned home proudly with two battle stars to their credit. The ship itself was given to the Nationalist Chinese Navy.
Career[edit | edit source]
Refresh, a minesweeper, was laid down 22 September 1943 by the General Engineering & Dry Dock Company, of Alameda, California, launched 12 April 1944, sponsored by Miss Muriel Maddox of San Francisco, California; and, commissioned 10 April 1945, Lt. W. Turner in command.
Following a Pacific coast shakedown out of San Pedro, California, Refresh reported to Commander in Chief, Pacific for duty 9 June 1945. After a call at Pearl Harbor, she departed 1 July for Okinawa via Eniwetok and Guam. Arriving Buckner Bay 31 July, she joined Commander, Mine Squadron 15 and began minesweeping operations in the Okinawa area 13 August. The last week of August she swept the approaches to Jinsen, Korea, and operated in the Yellow Sea through 7 September.
During the remainder of September, Refresh assisted task group TG 52.3 in minesweeping operations in the East China Sea approaches to Nagasaki and Sasebo, Japan, and in the Goto Archipelago, primarily in the area of Fukse, southwest of Kyūshū. Arriving Sasebo 1 October, Refresh was assigned several hydrographic missions, conducting soundings in shoal waters southwest of Kagoshima, Kyūshū, Japan. After upkeep in Sasebo, she continued to operate in Japanese waters through the new year.
Calling at Pearl Harbor 8–26 March 1946, Refresh then proceeded to San Pedro, California, arriving 4 April. Designated for transfer to the Chinese Navy 29 April 1946, she sailed for Subic Bay, Philippine Islands 17 September, decommissioned there 9 November 1946, was delivered to the Chinese 30 June 1948, and struck from the Navy list 13 July 1948. She served in the Navy of the Republic of China as Yung Chang (AM 51). She was struck from the Naval Register, 13 July 1948 and was reported sunk off Southern China 14 November 1965.
Refresh received two battle stars for World War II service.
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- "Refresh". Mine Warfare Vessel Photo Archive. NavSource Online. http://www.navsource.org/archives/11/02287.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
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