|USS Tawah (1863)|
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|Acquired:||19 June 1863|
|Commissioned:||circa June 1863|
|Out of service:||4 November 1864|
sunk during combat |
4 November 1864
|Length:||114 ft (35 m)|
|Beam:||33 ft (10 m)|
|Draught:||depth of hold, 3' 9"|
steam engine |
four 24-pounder guns |
two 30-pounder Parrott rifles
one 12-pounder gun
one heavy 12-pounder smoothbore gun
Purchased in Missouri in 1863 Edit
Tawah (Gunboat No. 29) -- a wooden river steamer, formerly named Ebenezer—was purchased by Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter on 19 June 1863 from Ebenezer Blackstone, St. Louis, Missouri.
Civil War operations Edit
Assigned to the Mississippi Squadron Edit
Tawah was assigned to the Mississippi Squadron under the command of Acting Master Alfred Phelps, Jr. In October 1863, she was assigned to patrol the Tennessee River and remained there until the following year.
In April 1864, Tawah, USS Paw Paw, Key West, and USS Alfred Robb were employed in convoying Army transports up the Tennessee River, in addition to being on the lookout for Confederate shipping. At this time, Tawah was reported to be a miserable ship at best and badly in need of repairs.
Attempting to capture Confederate ships Edit
On 2 November, Tawah and Key West encountered USS Undine and Venus, which the Confederates had captured three days earlier. After a running battle, Venus was recaptured. Undine, a "tinclad" of eight 24-pounder brass howitzers, was able to outrun the Union ships and escape to the protection of Confederate shore batteries on Reynoldsburg Island. When Venus was recaptured, there were two 20-pounder Parrott rifles and over 200 rounds of ammunition on board.
Tawah, Key West and Elfin lose a duel with superior Confederate batteries Edit
On 4 November, Tawah, Key West, and Elfin were patrolling the river to protect the Union headquarters and depot at Johnsonville when Confederate forces under the command of General Nathan B. Forrest attacked the city.
Undine came up river from the protection of the Confederate batteries, and the three Union ships moved down to attack her. The Confederates burned Undine and opened fire on the Union ships with their shore batteries. They were using heavy, rifled guns, and the three Union ships were badly outgunned. The Confederates moved their batteries along the shore and severely shelled the three ships as well as other gunboats, transports, and the wharfs.
The ships are set afire and abandoned to prevent their capture Edit
After fighting fiercely for several hours, Tawah's Parrott guns on the starboard bow were disabled; and all three ships had been damaged, in addition to having expended most of their ammunition. The Union gunboats were abandoned and fired to prevent them from falling into Confederate hands. In June 1865, four 24-pounder howitzers and two rifled, steel 12-pounders were salvaged from the hulk of Tawah.
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