|USS Teresa (ID-4478)|
|Career (United States)|
|Namesake:||Previous name retained|
|Builder:||Russell and Company, Port Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Commissioned:||9 January 1918|
|Decommissioned:||19 July 1919|
Transferred to United States Shipping Board 19 July 1919;|
Sold for scrapping 14 November 1932
|Notes:||Served as commercial cargo ship SS Austrian and SS Teresa 1900-1918, SS Teresa 1919-1923, SS Demokratia 1923-1932, and SS Phoenix 1932|
|Tonnage:||3,769 gross register tons|
|Length:||276 ft 9 in (84.35 m)|
|Beam:||49 ft 8 in (15.14 m)|
|Draft:||24 ft (7.3 m)|
|Armament:||2 x 4-inch (102-mm) guns|
Construction, acquisition, and commissioningEdit
Teresa was built as the commercial cargo ship SS Austrian in 1900 by Russell and Company at Port Glasgow, Scotland, in the United Kingdom, for Unione Austriaca di Navigazione. She later was renamed SS Teresa.
The United States Shipping Board took control of Teresa on 27 September 1917 for United States Government use during World War I, and chartered her to the United States Army the same day, which operated her with a civilian crew. After a dispute between the Army quartermaster and the ship's civilian master, the Army requested that the U.S. Navy man the ship. The Navy accepted the ship, assigned her the naval registry identification number (Id. No.) 4478, and commissioned her on 9 January 1918 at Newport News, Virginia, as USS Teresa (ID-4478).
Assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service, Teresa fitted out for naval use, then headed for New York City on 29 January 1918. She loaded a cargo of U.S. Army supplies there and proceeded to Norfolk, Virginia. On 23 February 1918, she got underway from Norfolk with a convoy for France and arrived at St. Nazaire on 4 March 1918. Teresa made four additional supply trips to France during the next 16 months.
Teresa ended her last U.S. Navy voyage at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 28 June 1919. She was decommissioned at Philadelphia on 19 July 1919 and transferred her back to the United States Shipping Board the same day.
Later commercial serviceEdit
Once again SS Teresa, the ship resumed commercial service. She was sold in 1923 to G. Perivolaris of Chios, Greece, and renamed SS Demokratia. In 1932 she was renamed Phoenix.
Phoenix was sold for scrapping on 14 November 1932 at Genoa, Italy.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- ID-4478 Teresa at Naval History and Heritage Center Online Library of Selected Images: U.S. Navy Ships Listed by Hull Number "SP" #s and "ID" #s -- World War I Era Patrol Vessels and other Acquired Ships and Craft numbered from ID # 4400 through ID # 4499
- NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive Teresa (ID 4478)
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