Japanese General Viscount Uehara Yūsaku
|Native name||上原 勇作|
|Born||December 6, 1856|
|Died||November 8, 1933(aged 76)|
|Place of birth||Miyakonojo, Hyūga, Japan|
|Place of death||Tokyo, Japan|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1879 -1933|
|Commands held||IJA 3rd Division|
|Other work||Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff|
Biography[edit | edit source]
Born in Miyakonojo, Hyūga province (currently Miyazaki prefecture, Uehara's father was a samurai of the Satsuma domain. He graduated from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1879 with Akiyama Yoshifuru as one of his classmates. Promoted to lieutenant in September 1882, Uehara was sent to France for studies on modern military techniques from 1881-1885. He was promoted to captain in June 1885, to major in May 1890, to lieutenant colonel in September 1894 and to colonel in October 1897. Promoted to major general in July 1900, Uehara fought in the Russo-Japanese War, as a staff officer in the Japanese Fourth Army commanded by his father-in-law, General Nozu Michitsura. He was promoted to lieutenant general in July 1906 and ennobled as a baron in September of the following year.
In December 1912, Uehara was appointed War Minister in Prime Minister Saionji Kinmochi's second cabinet. Since the civilian government was pursuing a tight fiscal policy, it soon came into conflict with the army, which was demanding an increase in funding for another two infantry divisions. When Uehara resigned as War Minister over this conflict, the remainder cabinet resigned en masse when the Army refused to nominate a successor, precipitating the collapse of Saionji's government. This event was known as the "Taisho Political Crisis".
From March–June 1913, Uehara was commander in chief of the IJA 3rd Division. In February 1915, Uehara was promoted to general and became Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, remaining in this post longer than any person before or after (with the exception of a member of the Imperial House). While in this position, he (together with Tanaka Giichi and Ugaki Issei authorized the Siberian Intervention in support of White Russian forces against the Bolshevik Red Army in the Russian Civil War.
Uehara died in 1933.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Dupuy, Encyclopedia of Military Biography
- Sims, Japanese Political History
- 華族一覧表 勲功者の部 1
References[edit | edit source]
- Dupuy, Trevor N. (1992). Encyclopedia of Military Biography. I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 1-85043-569-3.
- Harries, Meirion. (1994). Soldiers of the Sun: The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army. Random House. ISBN 0-679-75303-6.
- Jansen, Marius B. (1992). The Making of Modern Japan. Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0674003349/13-ISBN 9780674003347; OCLC 44090600
- Sims, Richard. (1992). Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation 1868-2000. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23915-7.
[edit | edit source]
- National Diet Library. "Uehara Yusaku". Portraits of Modern Historical Figures. http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/24.html.
Apr 1912 - Dec 1912
|Inspector-General of Military Training
Apr 1914 – Dec 1915
|Chief of Imperial Japanese Army General Staff
Dec 1915 – Mar 1923
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