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Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar de Lowendal
Lowendal.jpg
Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar de Lowendal
Born (1700-04-01)1 April 1700
Died 27 May 1755(1755-05-27) (aged 55)
Place of birth Hamburg, Duchy of Oldenburg, Denmark
Place of death Paris, France
Allegiance
  • Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (1707–1708)
  • Flag of Electoral Saxony.svg Electorate of Saxony (1708–1716)
  • Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Austrian Empire (1716–1722)
  • Flag of Electoral Saxony.svg Electorate of Saxony (1722–1735)
  • Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Austrian Empire (1735–1736)
  • Flag of Russia.svg Russian Empire (1736–1744)
  • Royal Standard of the King of France.svg Kingdom of France (1744–1755)
Service/branch French Army
Years of service 1707–1755
Rank Marshal of France
Battles/wars

Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar, Comte de Lowendal (1700–1755) was a Danish, German-born French soldier and statesmen. Born in Hamburg, he served in the armies of several countries, but is best known for his service in the French army during the War of the Austrian Succession. In the French campaign in the Austrian Netherlands against the Pragmatic Army he served as a subordinate to Maurice de Saxe. He led French forces that captured Ghent in 1745[1] and Bergen-op-Zoom in 1747.[2] The King of France, Louis XV, made him a Marshal of France for his success in capturing Bergen op Zoom.

In 1755 Louis XV gave Lowendal instructions to act as a Plenipotentiary in negotiations with Prussia, designed to prevent the Seven Years War from breaking out. However Lowendal died before he could carry out his orders and was replaced by Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Browning p.219
  2. Browning p.319-21
  3. Dull p.42

BibliographyEdit

  • Browning, Reed. The War of the Austrian Succession. Alan Sutton, 1994.
  • Dull, Jonathan R. The French Navy and the Seven Years' War. University of Nebraska, 2005.
  • Lodge, Sir Richard. Studies in Eighteenth Century diplomacy 1740–48. John Murray, 1930.

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