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An Underground Hospital is a building with facilities that can be moved into in order to protect its patients and medical personnel, primarily from attack during times of war. They were often used during World War II but very few now remain operational.

HistoryEdit

Hohlgangsanlage 8Edit

Hohlgangsanlage 8 was a hospital build by the Germans during World War II in St. Lawrence, Jersey.

RAF Little RissingtonEdit

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RAF Little Rissington was believed by locals to have a nuclear-proof underground hospital built by the United States Air Force. This rumour was, however, never verified. However, it was widely accepted at the time that tunnels were dug during the Second World War, ostensibly for the Royal Observer Corps, a frequently adopted strategy used to disguise covert electronic warfare establishments.

CurrentEdit

Final day of the war sees Katyusha rockets in Haifa

Smoke over Haifa, Israel, after a rocket launched by Hezbollah hit the city near Bnei-Zion hospital

IsraelEdit

Israel currently has 4 hospitals dedicated with underground facilities. 2 of the hospitals have underground car parks which can be converted into hospital wards complete with operating rooms and Emergency Rooms at short notice. The other two have dedicated underground bunkers.

During the 2006 Lebanon War, Northern Israel was heavily bombarded by rockets in civilian populated areas as well as rockets landing within close proximity to hospitals in the area, during which the Emergency Rooms in Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, continued treating over 7000 routine-emergency patients and war casualties while under fire. It was decided then that Israel was in need of hospitals capable of withstanding attack against their facilities, while continuing with Patient Care.

Sourasky Medical CenterEdit

Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center is the main hospital serving Tel Aviv, Israel. It is the third-largest hospital complex in the country.[1]

In 2011, a 700-1,000 bed bombproof emergency facility was opened. The building, with 13 stories above ground and four stories underground, provides protection against conventional, chemical and biological attack. Construction began in 2008. The cost of the building was $110 million, with a donation of $45 million from Israeli billionaire Sammy Ofer.[2] The architect was Arad Sharon, grandson of Arieh Sharon who designed the original facility.[3]

Rambam HospitalEdit

Rambam Health Care Campus the largest medical center in northern Israel and fifth largest in Israel, began in October 2010 work on a protected emergency underground hospital designed to withstand conventional, chemical, and biological attacks. The project included a three-floor parking lot that could be transformed at short notice into a 2,000-bed hospital. The hospital can generate its own power and store enough oxygen, drinking water and medical supplies for up to three days.[4]

At the dedication, RHCC Director General Prof. Rafael Beyar said "The ER was filled with badly wounded. I looked at the physicians and nurses ignoring the [exploding] missiles. The need for a modern, protected building was obvious, and we at Rambam took it upon ourselves as a national mission."

Beilinson HospitalEdit

The 90 million shekel fortified emergency room at Beilinson Hospital in Petach Tikvah has gone operational, becoming Israel’s largest ER. The 5,000 square meter (58,000 square feet) facility is capable of treating 200,000 patients annually.

The new facility is underground and bomb proof and offers the best medicine has to offer. Each patient has its own room, unlike standard ERs in which patients are separated by a curtain which adds a measure of patient privacy.

There is also a trauma center capable of addressing numerous patients simultaneously.[5]

Included in the facility is dedicated imaging facilities, including X-ray, CT scan, and Ultrasound.

Shaare Zedek Medical CenterEdit

Shaare Zedek Medical Center has a three story underground facility that they can activate in times of war.

ReferencesEdit

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