The Union of Mujahadin was an alliance of seven mujahidin groups in Afghanistan. According to Vijay Prashad, Director of the International Studies Program at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, the coalition was founded in 1981, as a coalition of the groups fighting against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. According to Tom Lansford, the author of A bitter harvest: US foreign policy and Afghanistan, the group was formed in 1985. Both Prashad and Lansford asserted the Union was founded under pressure from the United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. Lansford asserted that the Union's primary backers were Saudi. Prashad identified Osama bin Laden as one of the primary Saudi financial backers.
- ↑ Vijay Prashad. "War Against the Planet". Counterpunch magazine. http://www.counterpunch.org/prashad.html. "The US-Saudi dominance in funding enabled them to choose amongst the various exiled forces -- they, along with the Pakistanis, chose seven parties in 1981 that leaned more towards theocratic fascism than toward secular nationalism. One of the main financiers was the Saudi businessman, Osama bin Laden. Five years later, these seven parties joined the Union of Mujahidin of Afghanistan."
- ↑ Rohan Gunaratna (2002). Inside Al Qaeda: global network of terror. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-12692-2. http://books.google.ca/books?id=rO2HY8unF_sC&pg=PA254&lpg=PA254&dq=%22Union+of+Mujahidin%22+OR+%22Union+of+Mujahideen%22&source=bl&ots=4qxn2J-Yzb&sig=Rkq6e_87qH--n19o--wZzQUKtuA&hl=en&ei=Nmn5S87HG4X7lwfOwqnnCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CCwQ6AEwBg.
- ↑ Tom Lansford (2003). A bitter harvest: US foreign policy and Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.. ISBN 978-0-7546-3615-1. http://books.google.ca/books?id=n1pKnc3RJGIC&pg=PA138&lpg=PA138&dq=%22Union+of+Mujahidin%22+OR+%22Union+of+Mujahideen%22&source=bl&ots=jYdcShQQEh&sig=IQHaBs8JbdUGKKcPofWURs8jbVk&hl=en&ei=Nmn5S87HG4X7lwfOwqnnCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBoQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Union%20of%20Mujahidin%22%20OR%20%22Union%20of%20Mujahideen%22&f=false. "Under pressure from the United States, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, the main mujahideen parties joined together to form the Islamic Union of Mujahideen of Afghanistan in May 1985. The alliance was led by a general council which included Hekmatyr, Rabbani, and Abd-ur-Rabb-ur-Rasul Sayyaf, the leader of the Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan which was established and funded by the Saudis."
- ↑ Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Swar Khan's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 57-68
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