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Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Silver
File:King's Medal for Bravery, Silver.jpg
Awarded by the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, and Emperor of India
Country Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK South Africa South Africa
Type Civil decoration for bravery
Eligibility South African citizens
Awarded for Acts of conspicuous bravery
Status Discontinued in 1952
Statistics
Established 1939
Total awarded 34
British & South African orders of wear
Next (higher)
SA precedence:
Equivalent Flag of South Africa (1928–1994) Union of South Africa Queen's Medal for Bravery, Silver
Flag of South Africa (1928–1994) Woltemade Decoration for Bravery, Silver
Next (lower)
Ribbon - Union of South Africa King&#039;s Medal for Bravery
Ribbon bar

The Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Silver is the lesser of two classes of a South African civil decoration for acts of bravery that was in use from 1939 to 1952, when the country was a constitutional monarchy in the British Commonwealth. The medal was instituted by King George VI on 23 June 1939.[1][2]

InstitutionEdit

The Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Silver, the lesser of two classes of South Africa's highest civilian decoration for bravery, was instituted by Royal Warrant of 23 June 1939, published in Government Gazette no. 2671 dated 25 August 1939, and amended by Royal Warrants of 18 February 1947, 24 October 1949 and 17 October 1950.[1]

Award criteriaEdit

The medal was awarded to recognise gallantry performed in the face of imminent and obvious peril by those residents of the Union of South Africa or its dependent territories who endangered their own lives in the act of saving, or endeavouring to save, the lives of others.[1]

Although it was primarily a civilian award, it was also granted to military personnel for non-combatant acts of gallantry during the Second World War.[2][3]

Order of wearEdit

In the British order of precedence, the Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Silver ranks as a third level decoration, equivalent to the Queen's Gallantry Medal. It is preceded by the Indian Distinguished Service Medal and succeeded by the Distinguished Service Medal.[4]

In South Africa, the medal is ranked as a second level decoration and, despite its status, it has no post-nominal letters. It is preceded by the Louw Wepener Decoration and succeeded by the South African Police Cross for Bravery.[5]

DescriptionEdit

Obverse

The decoration is struck in silver and is a disk, 38 millimetres in diameter with a raised rim and a large ring suspender. The obverse depicts the crowned effigy of King George VI, facing left, surrounded by the words "GEORGIVS VI REX ET IMPERATOR".

Reverse

A public competition was held to find a suitable design for the reverse of the medal. The winning entry, by Miss Renee Joubert, depicts the 18th-century Cape hero Wolraad Woltemade on his horse, rescuing shipwreck survivors from a stormy sea. As a result, the medal became commonly referred to as the Woltemade Medal. The image is circumscribed with the words "FOR BRAVERY • VIR DAPPERHEID" around the top.[1][3]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 44 millimetres wide and dark blue with 4½ millimetres wide orange edges.[1]

DiscontinuationEdit

Upon the accession to the British Throne of Queen Elizabeth II on 15 December 1952, the Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Silver was discontinued and replaced by the Union of South Africa Queen's Medal for Bravery, Silver.[1]

RecipientsEdit

The Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Silver was awarded to altogether thirty-four individuals, of whom eighteen were military personnel.[1][2]

Title/
Rank
Name Gazette
date
Action cited for
1 Mr Dalling, William Tweeddale Error in Template:Dts: '29 Dec 1939' is an invalid date Tried to save a black man in a rock-burst, Rose Deep Mine
2 Mr Nourse, Dennis Error in Template:Dts: '9 Aug 1940' is an invalid date Saved a man from being savaged by a shark, Warner Beach, Natal
3 Mr Moubray, Robert John Error in Template:Dts: '31 Jan 1941' is an invalid date Jumped down a 50 feet waterfall near Tzaneen to save a friend, who had fallen and struck his head, from drowning in the pool below
4 Mr Van den Berg, Michael Adriaan Error in Template:Dts: '4 Apr 1941' is an invalid date Saved an injured miner despite ignited dynamite fuses, Venterspost Gold Mine
5 Mr Givana, son of Siqwayini Error in Template:Dts: '4 Apr 1941' is an invalid date Assisted Mr. M.A. van den Berg in the aforementioned rescue, Venterspost Gold Mine
6 Mr Snell, Hendrik Error in Template:Dts: '28 Aug 1942' is an invalid date Tried to save the pilot in a crashed and burning aircraft, Landsdowne Road, Cape Town
7 Lt Rabe, Arnold (SAAF) Error in Template:Dts: '30 Jul 1943' is an invalid date Saved a pilot from a burning aircraft
8 T/F Sgt Brady, Martin Wilson Taylor Bellingham (SAAF) Error in Template:Dts: '17 Dec 1943' is an invalid date Saved a pilot from a burning aircraft, Youngsfield Base, Cape Town
9 Pupil Pilot De Jong, Daniel Nicholaas (SAAF) Error in Template:Dts: '4 Feb 1944' is an invalid date Saved his instructor from a burning aircraft, Standerton
10 T/2 Lt Fowles, Geoffrey Turner (SAAF) Error in Template:Dts: '4 Feb 1944' is an invalid date Saved a pilot from a burning aircraft, Pietersburg
11 A/M Botes, Rudolph Daniel (SAAF) Error in Template:Dts: '4 Feb 1944' is an invalid date Attempted to save the crew of a burning aircraft, Wingfield, Cape Town
12 Mr Mpotu Error in Template:Dts: '6 Apr 1944' is an invalid date Saved a miner in the face of exploding dynamite, Venterspost Gold Mine
13 A/Cpl Saul, Joseph Pick (SAAF) Error in Template:Dts: '21 Apr 1944' is an invalid date Tried to save a man overcome by fumes in the fuel tank of a Catalina aircraft
14 T/Capt Fisher, H.S. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945 at the Grand Magazine, Pretoria
15 T/Capt Warner, A.L.H. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
16 T/Lt Solomon, H.I. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
17 T/WO2 Bruyns, H.C. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
18 WO2 Murcia, L. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
19 T/S Sgt Du Plessis, P.F. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
20 Sgt Pentz, C. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '14 Sep 1945' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
21 L Cpl Seholi, Peter (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '7 Dec 1945' is an invalid date Rescued two men, gassed in a sewer, Maitland, Cape Town
22 Sgt Ferreira, I.M. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '8 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
23 Sgt Bronkhost, N.J. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '8 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
24 T/Cpl Breet, W.S. (UDF) Error in Template:Dts: '8 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
25 Mr Theron, Marthinus Jacobus Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
26 Mr Hall, John Bassett Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
27 Mr Sehlogo, Andries Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
28 Mr Nel, Frederick Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
29 Mr Clark, Edward George Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
30 Mr Snyder, Erle Snider Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
31 Mr Mpye, Amos Error in Template:Dts: '15 Feb 1946' is an invalid date Gallantry displayed on the occasion of an explosion on 14 March 1945
32 AB Adlam, H.S.J. (SANF (V)) Error in Template:Dts: '12 Apr 1946' is an invalid date Saved a black man from the sea and sharks, Durban
33 Mr Lewis, Peter Thomas Error in Template:Dts: '23 Jan 1948' is an invalid date Saved a child from the path of a railway locomotive, Pretoria
34 Master Hart, Jack Jacobus Error in Template:Dts: '22 Oct 1948' is an invalid date At age 14, rescued a child from a burning garden hut, Johannesburg

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Monick, S (1990). South African Civil Awards. South African National Museum of Military History. pp. 89–93. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 South African Medal Website - Union of South Africa (Accessed 1 May 2015)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Abbott, P.E. and Tamplin, J.M.A. (1971). British Gallantry Awards. Guinness Superlatives.
  4. You must specify issue=, startpage=, and date= when using {{London Gazette}}. Available parameters:

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  5. Government Gazette of the Republic of South Africa No 27376 (11 March 2005)

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