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UN Security Council
Resolution 661
Date 6 August 1990
Meeting no. 2,933
Code S/RES/661 (Document)
Subject Iraq-Kuwait
Voting summary
13 voted for
None voted against
2 abstained
Result Adopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
  • Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
  • Flag of France.svg France
  • Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
  • Flag of the United States.svg United States
  • Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Non-permanent members
  • Flag of Canada.svg Canada
  • Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg Cote d'Ivoire
  • Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia
  • Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
  • Flag of Ethiopia (1987–1991).svg Ethiopia
  • Flag of Finland.svg Finland
  • Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
  • Flag of Romania.svg Romania
  • Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen
  • Flag of Zaire.svg Zaire

In United Nations Security Council resolution 661, adopted on 6 August 1990, reaffirming Resolution 660 (1990) and noting Iraq's refusal to comply with it and Kuwait's right of self-defence, the Council took steps to implement international sanctions on Iraq under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. This was the second resolution by the Security Council over the invasion of Kuwait. The Council therefore decided that states should prevent:

(a) the import of all products and commodities originating in Iraq or Kuwait;
(b) any activities by their nationals or in their territories that would promote the export of products originating in Iraq or Kuwait, as well as the transfer of funds to either country for the purposes of such activities;
(c) the sale of weapons or other military equipment to Iraq and Kuwait, excluding humanitarian aid;
(d) the availability of funds or other financial or economic resources to either country, or to any commercial, industrial or public utility operating within them, except for medical or humanitarian purposes.

Resolution 661 called on all member states, including non-members of the United Nations, to act strictly in accordance with the resolution, and decided to establish a Committee of the Security Council consisting of all members of the Council, to examine reports by the Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar on the situation and seek information from states on the action they are taking to implement Resolution 661, requesting they all co-operate with the Committee.

Finally, the Council stressed that the sanctions regime imposed should not affect assistance given to the legitimate Government of Kuwait. The resolution was adopted by 13 votes to none, while Cuba and Yemen abstained from voting.

After the end of the Gulf War and the Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait, the sanctions were linked to removal of weapons of mass destruction by Resolution 687 (1991). The effects of government policy and the sanctions regime led to hyperinflation, widespread poverty and malnutrition.[1][2]

See alsoEdit


  1. Weiss, Thomas George (1997). Political gain and civilian pain: humanitarian impacts of economic sanctions. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8476-8703-9. 
  2. Joy Gordon: U.S. responsible for human toll of Iraq sanctions

External linksEdit

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