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United States Marine Corps History Division
Old EGA.png
The progenitor to the modern Eagle, Globe, and Anchor, this insignia was first used by Marines in 1804.[1] Seen today on uniform buttons, it also serves as the History Division's unofficial logo.
Active September 8, 1919
Country United States
Branch United States Marine Corps
Type historical
HQ Marine Corps Base Quantico
Commanders
Director Dr. Charles Patrick Neimeyer[2]

The United States Marine Corps History Division is a branch of Headquarters Marine Corps tasked with researching, writing, and maintaining the History of the United States Marine Corps. It also provides reference and research assistance; preserves personal experiences and observations through oral history interviews; and deploys field historians to record history in the making. It is headquardered at Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia.

HistoryEdit

The History Division was formed on 8 September 1919, by Order Number 53 of Commandant of the Marine Corps George Barnett as the Historical Section of the Department of the Adjutant and Inspector.[3] After World War II, the organization was known as "Marine Corps History and Museums Division" until the current name was instituted in the early 2000s.

OrganizationEdit

The United States Marine Corps History Division is a staff organization with the primary task of researching and writing the Marine Corps’ official history. The unit is not a division-sized military formation.[4] It is organized into four branches:[5]

  • The Historical Branch prepares a wide variety of official publications that tell the Marine Corps story as accurately and comprehensively as possible. Publications include: articles, monographs, occasional papers, and definitive histories. The Branch also includes the Oral History Program, which obtains, catalogs, transcribes, and preserves personal narrative, experiences and observations of historic value from active duty and retired Marines for use as reference source material.
  • The Historical Reference Branch provides historical research and reference services and historical analysis. In addition, the Branch supports specific programs: Unit Lineage and Honors, Commemorative Naming, Marine Corps Flag Manual, and Marine Corps Chronology.
  • The Field History Branch deploys Individual Mobilization Augmentee detachment historians to collect historically relevant material (oral history, written/electronic plans, operation orders, maps, overlays and artifacts) for use as reference material. The Branch also consists of a Mobilization Training Unit whose members support the History Division with specific projects.
  • The Editing and Design branch designs and lays out manuscripts, maps and other graphic materials to support the History Division’s publications.

DirectorsEdit

Since its inception, the following individuals have served as director:[3]

# Rank Name Tenure began Tenure ended
1 4Major McClellanEdwin N. McClellan September 8, 1919 May 31, 1925
2 4Major SturdevantEdward W. Sturdevant June 1, 1925 August 15, 1928
3.03 3Captain BurnhamLucian W. Burnham August 16, 1928 July 31, 1929
3.5acting 0Mr. JenkinsJames C. Jenkins August 1, 1926 September 26, 1929
4 3Captain PlattJonas H. Platt September 27, 1929 June 19, 1930
5 4Major McClellanEdwin N. McClellan June 20, 1930 March 2, 1933
6 3Captain EllsworthHarry A. Ellsworth March 3, 1933 August 30, 1934
7 4Major DeCarreAlphonse DeCarre August 31, 1934 February 5, 1935
8.08 5Lieutenant colonel MetcalfClyde H. Metcalf February 6, 1935 December 31, 1938
8.1acting 0Mr. JenkinsJames C. Jenkins January 1, 1939 October 4, 1942
8.28 6Colonel MetcalfClyde H. Metcalf October 5, 1942 April 15, 1944
8.3acting 3Captain CarletonPhilips D. Carleton April 16, 1944 May 2, 1944
9 6Colonel PottsJohn Potts May 3, 1944 January 2, 1946
10 6Colonel KenyonHoward N. Kenyon January 3, 1946 October 15, 1946
11 5Lieutenant colonel MurrayEllsworth N. Murray October 16, 1946 December 20, 1946
12 5Lieutenant colonel HeinlRobert D. Heinl Jr. December 21, 1946 June 12, 1949
13 5Lieutenant colonel GayleGordon D. Gayle June 13, 1949 August 13, 1951
14 5Lieutenant colonel HoughFrancis O. Hough August 14, 1951 June 8, 1952
15 5Lieutenant colonel EdwardsHarry W. Edwards June 9, 1952 July 17, 1955
16 6Colonel HarrisonCharles W. Harrison July 18, 1955 July 24, 1959
17 4Major KuokkaHubard D. Kuokka July 25, 1959 August 17, 1959
18 4Major FinkGerald Fink August 18, 1959 January 7, 1960
19 6Colonel MillerWilliam M. Miller January 8, 1960 July 31, 1961
20.020 6Colonel RoeThomas G. Roe August 1, 1961 June 30, 1962
20.1acting 4Major JohnstoneJohn H. Johnstone July 1, 1962 November 8, 1962
21 6Colonel WagnerJoseph F. Wagner Jr. November 9, 1962 August 31, 1963
22 5Lieutenant colonel ScheningRichard J. Schening September 1, 1963 November 14, 1963
23 6Colonel CaldwellFrank C. Caldwell November 15, 1963 November 30, 1970
24.024 7Brigadier general SimmonsEdwin H. Simmons December 1, 1971 July 1, 1978
24.124 7Brigadier general (ret.) SimmonsEdwin H. Simmons October 21, 1978 January 3, 1996
25 6Colonel MoniganMichael F. Monigan January 4, 1996 July 11, 1999
26.026 6Colonel (ret.) RipleyJohn W. Ripley July 12, 1999 August 31, 2005
26.1acting 0Mr. MelsonCharles D. Melson September 1, 2005 January 8, 2006
26.2acting 6Colonel (ret.) CampRichard D. Camp Jr. January 9, 2006 December 10, 2006
27 0Dr. NeimeyerCharles P. Neimeyer December 11, 2006 incumbent

PublicationsEdit

The History Division maintains several publications, including the quarterly newsletter Fortitudine (ISBN 0-16-010404-1), which was a traditional motto of the Corps before semper fidelis was adapted in 1883. They also maintain an archive of all historical publications published since its founding.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

  1. Smith, Charles Richard; Charles H. Waterhouse (1975) (PDF). A Pictoral History: the Marines in the Revolution. United States Marine Corps Historical Division. http://www.marines.mil/news/publications/Documents/A%20Pictorial%20History-The%20Marines%20in%20the%20Revolution%20PCN%2019000317900.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  2. "Staff Directorate". Marine Corps History Division. https://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/Pages/Staff/Staff.aspx. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Amerman, Annette D. (4th quarter 2009). "Celebrating 90 Years of Collecting, Preserving, and Promoting of Marine Corps History". Quantico, VA: United States Marine Corps Historical Program. pp. pp. 1925. ISBN 0-16-010404-1. http://bookstore.gpo.gov/actions/GetPublication.do?stocknumber=708-084-00000-0. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  4. "Organization and Personnel - History Division". Marine Corps History Division. https://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/Pages/Organization.aspx. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  5. "Mission Statement". Marine Corps History Division. https://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/Pages/Mission.aspx. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 

External linksEdit


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