FANDOM

255,191 Pages

United States Secretary of the Army
Army Secretary John McHugh.jpg
Deputy The Under Secretary
(principal civilian deputy)
The Chief of Staff
(military advisor and deputy)
Appointed by The President
with the advice and consent of the Senate
Incumbent John M. McHugh
Personal details
Website Official website

The Secretary of the Army (SA or SECARMY) is a senior civilian official within the Department of Defense of the United States of America with statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management. The Secretary of the Army is nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate, the Secretary of the Army is a non-Cabinet position serving under the Secretary of Defense.[1] This position was created on September 18, 1947, replacing the Secretary of War, when the Department of War became the Department of the Army and was made a department within the new Department of Defense.[2]

The current Secretary of the Army, John M. McHugh, took office on September 21, 2009.

ResponsibilitiesEdit

The Senior Leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians—the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army—and two military officers of four-star rank—the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.

The Secretary of the Army (10 U.S.C. § 3013) is in effect the chief executive officer of the Department of the Army, and the Chief of Staff of the Army works directly for the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary presents and justifies Army policies, plans, programs, and budgets to the Secretary of Defense, other executive branch officials, and to the Congressional Defense Committees. The Secretary also communicates Army policies, plans, programs, capabilities, and accomplishments to the public. As necessary, the Secretary convenes meetings with the senior leadership of the Army to debate issues, provide direction, and seek advice. The Secretary is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board.

The Secretary of the Army has several responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, including the authority to convene general courts-martial.

Another responsibility of the Secretary of the Army is the management of the Civilian Aides to the Secretary of the Army Program.[3]

Office of the Secretary of the ArmyEdit

The Office of the Secretary of the Army is composed of the Under Secretary of the Army, the Assistant Secretaries of the Army, the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army, the General Counsel of the Department of the Army, the Inspector General of the Army, the Chief of Legislative Liaison, and the Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee. Other offices may be established by law or by the Secretary of the Army. No more than 1,865 officers of the Army on the active-duty list may be assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army and on the Army Staff.[4]

Organization of the Department of the Army Headquarters

Chart showing the organization of the Office of the Secretary of Army and its relationship to the Army Staff.

Chronological list of Secretaries of the ArmyEdit

Kenneth Claiborne Royall, the last Secretary of War, became the first Secretary of the Army when the National Defense Act of 1947 took effect and was the last Army secretary to hold the cabinet status, which was henceforth assigned to the Secretary of Defense.[2][5]

Photo Name Term of office President(s) served under
KCR portrait Kenneth Claiborne Royall September 18, 1947 – April 27, 1949 Harry S. Truman
Gordon Gray - Project Gutenberg etext 20587 Gordon Gray[6] April 28, 1949 – April 12, 1950 Harry S. Truman
Frank Pace Sec. Army Frank Pace April 12, 1950 – January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman
Earl D. Johnson Earl D. Johnson (acting)[6] January 20, 1953 – February 4, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Robert Ten Broeck Stevens Robert T. Stevens February 4, 1953 – July 21, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Wilber Marion Brucker Wilber M. Brucker July 21, 1955 – January 19, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Elvis Jacob Stahr Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr. January 24, 1961 – June 30, 1962 John F. Kennedy
CyrusVanceSoS Cyrus Roberts Vance July 5, 1962 – January 21, 1964 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
Stephen Ailes, official photo Stephen Ailes January 28, 1964 – July 1, 1965 Lyndon B. Johnson
Stanley Rogers Resor, official photo Stanley R. Resor July 2, 1965 – June 30, 1971 Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon
Robert Froehlke Robert F. Froehlke July 1, 1971 – May 14, 1973 Richard Nixon
Howard Callaway Howard H. Callaway May 15, 1973 – July 3, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
Norman Ralph Augustine Norman R. Augustine (acting)[6] July 3, 1975 – August 5, 1975 Gerald Ford
Martin Richard Hoffmann Martin R. Hoffmann August 5, 1975 – January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
Clifford Alexander, speaking at a podium, March 1984 Clifford L. Alexander, Jr. February 14, 1977 – January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
Percy A. Pierre (acting)[6] January 21, 1981 – January 29, 1981 Jimmy Carter
John Otho Marsh speaking at Arlington Cemetery, March 1985 John O. Marsh, Jr. January 30, 1981 – August 14, 1989 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush
Michael Stone, official portrait, 1989 Michael P. W. Stone August 14, 1989 – January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
John W. Shannon John W. Shannon (acting)[7] January 20, 1993 – August 26, 1993 Bill Clinton
General Gordon Sullivan, official military photo 1992 Gen. Gordon R. Sullivan (acting)[8][9] August 28, 1993 – November 21, 1993 Bill Clinton
Togo West, official DoD photo portrait, 1994 Togo D. West, Jr. November 22, 1993 – May 4, 1997 Bill Clinton
Robert M Walker Robert M. Walker (acting)[6] December 2, 1997 – July 1, 1998 Bill Clinton
CalderaLouis Louis Caldera July 2, 1998 – January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
Gregory R Dahlberg Gregory R. Dahlberg (acting) January 20, 2001 – March 4, 2001 George W. Bush
Joseph Westphal Joseph W. Westphal (acting)[6] March 5, 2001 – May 31, 2001 George W. Bush
Thomas E White, Secretary of the Army Thomas E. White May 31, 2001 – May 9, 2003 George W. Bush
Les Brownlee, official DoD photo Les Brownlee (acting) May 10, 2003 – November 18, 2004 George W. Bush
Francis J. Harvey, official photo as Secretary of the Army Francis J. Harvey November 19, 2004 – March 9, 2007 George W. Bush
Pete Geren, Secretary of the Army, official photo Pete Geren March 9, 2007 – September 21, 2009 George W. Bush, Barack Obama
Army Secretary John McHugh John M. McHugh September 21, 2009 – Present Barack Obama

ReferencesEdit

  1. "US CODE: Title 10,3013. Secretary of the Army". http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00003013----000-.html. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bell, William Gardner (1992). ""Kenneth Claiborne Royall"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of th Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/sw-sa/Royall.htm. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  3. "Secretary of the Army". Archived from the original on September 21, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070921062151/http://www.army.mil/leaders/leaders/SA/. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  4. "US CODE: Title 10,3014. Office of the Secretary of the Army". http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00003014----000-.html. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  5. Bell, William Gardner. ""Intro - Secretaries of War & Secretaries of the Army"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits & Biographical Sketches. http://www.history.army.mil/books/sw-sa/Intro.htm. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 *Bell, William Gardner (1992). Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/Sw-SA/SWSA-Fm.htm. 
  7. "Secretary of the Army Accused of Shoplifting", Stephanie Griffith and Bill Miller, The Washington Post, August 28, 1993
  8. The Daily Sentinel (Ohio/West Virginia), Acting Army Chief Ticketed for Shoplifting, August 29, 1993
  9. U.S. Organization Chart Service, Department of Defense Fact Book, 2006, page 17

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.