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Armata
Type Tracked Heavy Armored Vehicle
Place of origin  Russian Federation
Service history
Used by Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Future)
Production history
Designer Ural Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building, Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost unknown
Produced begins in 2013
Specifications
Crew 3

Armor classified
Primary
armament
A new version of 125mm smoothbore cannon with ATGM capability
Secondary
armament
1 or 2 30mm Anti-aircraft gun
Engine Diesel
1500 h.p.
Transmission 8-speed automatic gearbox
Speed Unknown


The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform is a Russian advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform. The "Armata" platform is intended to be the basis for a main battle tank, a heavy infantry fighting vehicle, a combat engineering vehicle, an armoured recovery vehicle, a heavy armoured personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery under the same codename based on the same chassis. It will also serve as the basis for artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems.[1]

Russian Lieutenant-General Yuri Kovalenko states that the "Armata" combat platform will utilize many features of the T-95 tank, of which only a few prototypes have been built. In the main battle tank variant, the ammunition compartment will be separate from the crew, increasing operational safety while the engine will be more powerful and the armor, main gun and autoloader will be improved. The prototype is scheduled to enter field trials in 2013, about 10 months ahead of schedule. First Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Sukhorukov said. The new tank is under development at Uralvagonzavod in Omsk. The first deliveries of the tank to the Russian Armed Forces are scheduled for 2015. A total of 2,300 MBTs are expected to be supplied by 2020.[2] The tank will have an unmanned, remotely controlled turret. It will be digitally controlled by a crewmember located in a separate compartment. It is believed this would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank.[3]

The name designation of this tank (or more correctly "prospective family of heavy unified battlefield platforms" - "перспективный ряд тяжёлых унифицированных платформ поля боя") "Armata" is the plural of the Hellenic (Greek) word "arma"(άρμα) which means weapon and was an old Russian word for early guns. Inevitably this was wrongly transcribed as "Armada" by journalists.[4][5][6]

According to preliminary reports, the new tank designated T-99 will be less radical and ambitious than the failed ‘Object 195’ or T-95, it will weigh less, therefore, become more agile and will be more affordable, compared to its more ambitious predecessors. The Russian industry is also developing the Boomerang family of 8×8 wheeled armored vehicles which will gradually replace the current BTR-90. Additionally, the Kurganets-25 tracked armored vehicle provides high degree of commonality with the new Armata tank. The Kurganets-25 will evolve into various models, gradually replacing BMP and BMD and MT-LB and other types of tracked armored platforms.[2]

Prototypes of heavy armored vehicles based on the Armata combat platform are planned to be presented at the defense exhibition Russian Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil in September 2013.[7] Testing of the Armata will begin in November 2013.[8]

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