|Native name||Василий Николаевич Гордов|
|Birth name||Vasiliy Nikolayevich Gordov|
|Born||12 December 1896|
|Died||24 August 1950|
|Place of birth||Matveyevka Village, Ufa Governorate, Russian Empire|
|Place of death||Lefortovo Prison, Moscow|
|Buried at||New Donskoy Cemetery|
Russian Imperial Army|
|Years of service||1915-1946|
|Commands held||Volga Military District|
Vasiliy Gordov (Russian: василий николаевич гордов; 12 December 1896 – 24 August 1950) was a Soviet military officer who commanded the Stalingrad Front between July and August 1942 until his replacement by Andrey Yeryomenko.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Gordov was born on 30 December 1896 in the village of Matveyevka in Ufa Governorate. He was the son of peasants. Gordov joined the Imperial Russian Army in 1915 and was promoted to junior sergeant. He enlisted in the Red Guard in 1917, joining the Red Army in 1918. Gordov ended the Russian Civil War as the commander of the 53rd Infantry Regiment, fighting in the campaign against Nestor Makhno, for which he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. Between 1925 and 1926, Gordov served as an advisor in the Mongolian People's Army. In 1932, he graduated from Frunze Military Academy and then became the chief of staff of the Moscow Red Banner Infantry School in 1933. He was the Chief of Staff of the 18th Rifle Division from May 1935 to 1937. In July 1937, Gordov became the commander of the 67th Rifle Division. In July 1939, he became the Chief of Staff of the Kalinin Military District.
Winter War and World War II[edit | edit source]
Gordov fought in the Winter War as the 7th Army chief of staff, but was removed from command after alleged failures. He was shifted to the Baltic Military District, where he became its Chief of Staff. Promoted to major general in June 1940, he was the Chief of Staff of the 21st Army after Operation Barbarossa and was then its commander from October 1941, fighting in the Battle of Smolensk and the Battle of Kiev.
Later life[edit | edit source]
In 1947, Gordov had a conversation with his former Chief of Staff, Filipp T. Rybalchenko, in which they made remarks somewhat critical of Stalin's policies. This conversation was sent to Stalin and Gordov was arrested, along with Grigory Kulik and Rybalchenko on charges of attempting to commit terrorist acts against the Soviet government. He was sentenced to death under Article 58 on 24 August 1950 and executed on that day in Lefortovo Prison.
Gordov was rehabilitated on 11 April 1956 and his name appears on a memorial.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Гордов Василий Николаевич". http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=1027. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- Grossman, Vasily (2011). Beevor, Anthony. ed. A Writer at War: Vasily Grossman with the Red Army. Translated by Luba Vinogradova. Knopf. ISBN 9780307363787.
- The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition. 1979.
- Lefter, Melvyn P. (2008). For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War. New York: MacMillan. ISBN 9781429964098.
- "A stab in the back". http://www.day.kiev.ua/en/article/history-and-i/stab-back. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
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