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National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Ejército Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela
[[File:Seal of the Venezuelan Army.png|240x240px|frameless}}|Venezuelan Army Emblem|alt=]]
Venezuelan Army Emblem
Active 19 April 1810 - Present
Country  Venezuela
Branch Army of Venezuela
Role To protect and guaranty the permanent sovereignty of the nation against any external, or internal threats.
Size 120,000 (2010)[1]
Patron Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Motto(s) "Forger of liberties"
Colors Blue and Red
Engagements Venezuelan War of Independence
Spanish American wars of independence
Federal War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Simon Bolivar
Francisco de Miranda

The National Army of Venezuela is one of the four professional branches of the Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It has the responsibility for land-based operations against external, or internal threats that may put the sovereignty of the nation at risk.

It is the largest military branch of Venezuela and the second in Latin America, which in 24 June 1821 won a huge military victory against the Empire of Spain, which led to the independence of the nation. It later contributed to the independence of the present-day countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia.

Mission and vision[edit | edit source]

Venezuelan Army flag

Its mission, as the ground forces of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is to:

  • Secure the ground defenses of the nation,
  • Contribute to the establishment of democratic institutions and build up respect and full compliance to the laws of the Republic as mandated,
  • Support national development and integration,
  • And to participate in programs of international cooperation and peacekeeping.

Its vision statement is as follows:

We are the Army that supports freedom, today based on loyalty, discipline, skills, backed by a constant training routine, constant administration and the vigilance in our excellent operative skills. To achieve these ends we shall guarantee ourselves the fulfillment of our highest functions: National military defense and security.

Official hymn[edit | edit source]

Spanish lyrics[edit | edit source]

Chorus

Adelante marchemos, valientes, al combate y al rudo fragor
por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Nuestra sangre es la savia del pueblo y en el pueblo se plasma en canción
es la rosa más pura del viento que en la historia da brillo a la acción,
En las aguas, el aire y la tierra la victoria es el alba inmortal,
si sublime es el triunfo en la guerra, preservemos la gloria y la paz.

Chorus

Y si el brazo extranjero se atreve a infamar de este suelo el honor
antes muerte mil veces nos llegue que rendirnos al torpe invasor,
pues de todas las patrias que el cielo diera al hombre en morada de amor,
es la nuestra el más hondo desvelo en el sueño de un mundo mejor.

Chorus

Organization[edit | edit source]

The Venezuelan Army is divided into 4 main commands and 6 army divisions as well as other independent units reporting to Headquarters, Venezuelan Army.

Army commands[edit | edit source]

Army General Command[edit | edit source]

  • Army Headquarters
  • Army HQ Escort and Security Battalion "Daniel Florence O'Leary"
  • Army General Staff
  • Army Inspector General's Office

Army Logistics Command[edit | edit source]

  • Command HQ
  • Inspectoriate
  • Adjutant General's Corps
  • HQ Company
  • Acquisitions Office
  • Army Ministers Reception Center
  • Army Armaments Corps
  • Army Intendancy
  • Army Medical Department
  • Army Transportation Corps
  • Army Communications Corps
  • Army Engineers Service
  • 82nd Logistics Support Regiment
  • 84th Logistics Support Regiment

Army Aviation Command[edit | edit source]

  • Command HQ
  • Command, Service and Logistics Company
  • Helicopter Battalion
  • Fixed Wing Air Battalion
  • Special Reconnaissance Battalion
  • Multipurpose Helicopter Battalion
  • Army Aviation Maintenance Center
  • Army Aviation School
  • Army Aviation Center of Administration
  • Army Aviation Flight Simulation and Instruction Center

Army divisions and corps[edit | edit source]

1st Infantry Division[edit | edit source]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 11th Armored Brigade
  • 12th Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 13th Infantry Brigade
  • 14th Armored Infantry Brigade

2nd Infantry Division[edit | edit source]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 21st Motorized Infantry Brigade
  • 22nd Mountain Infantry Brigade
  • 23rd Development and Security Brigade
  • 24th Light Infantry Brigade
  • 25th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 205th Engineering Battalion
  • Military Police Company

3rd Infantry Division[edit | edit source]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 31st Infantry Brigade
  • 32nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 33rd Combat Communications Brigade
  • 35th Military Police Brigade
  • 39th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
  • 302nd Motorized Cavalry Group
  • 305th Combat Engineers Battalion

4th Armored Division[edit | edit source]

5th Jungle Infantry Division[edit | edit source]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 5002th Maintenance and Services Coy.
  • 51st Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 52nd Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 53rd Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 505th Combat Engineers Battalion
  • 507th Special Operations Battalion
  • 508th Service Support Battalion
  • 3rd Air Defense Artillery Group

9th Cavalry Division[edit | edit source]

  • HQ Squadron
  • 91st Cavalry Brigade
  • 92nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 93rd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • Air Defense Artillery Brigade

6th Corps of Engineers[edit | edit source]

  • Corps HQ
  • HQ Battalion
  • 61st Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 62nd Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 63rd Construction and Maintenance Regiment

Equipment[edit | edit source]

Infantry
Sidearms
Origin Model Type Notes
 Belgium Browning Hi-Power 9x19mm Parabellum Pistol
 Germany SIG Sauer P226 9x19mm Parabellum Pistol
 Austria Glock 17 9x19mm Parabellum Pistol
 Italy Beretta 92 9x19mm Parabellum Pistol
Submachine Guns
 Israel Uzi and Mini Uzi 9x19mm Sub-Machine Gun Unknown number.
 Venezuela CAVIM Orinoco 9x19mm Venezuelan-made modification of the Uzi. Project has been shelved.
 Belgium FN P90 5.7×28mm Unknown number.
Rifles and Carbines
 Russia VEN AK-103 7.62x39 mm Assault rifle 100,000 delivered + 3000 produced under license
 Russia VEN AK-104 7.62x39 mm Assault carbine 5,000 units (also has license production)
 Belgium VEN FN FAL 7.62x51 mm Battle rifle 60,000 delivered and 300,000+ produced locally (Being phased out by AK-103 and AK-104)
 Belgium FN FNC 5.56x45mm Assault Rifle 50,000+ delivered
Sniper Rifle
 Russia Dragunov SVD 7.62x54R Sniper rifle 4,000 units.
 Russia Dragunov SVU 7.62x54R Sniper rifle 1,000 units.
 USA M14 rifle 7.62x51mm Sniper rifle Unknown number.
 USA Remington Model 700 7.62x51mm Sniper rifle Bolt-action rifle. Unknown number.
 VEN Catatumbo 12.7x 99mm Sniper rifle Domestic-made bolt-action rifle. Unknown number
The Catatumbo is the most accurate sniper rifle produced in Latin America with local production in Maracay, Venezuela by state owned company CAVIM.
Machine Guns
 Belgium FN MINIMI 5.56x45 mm Light Machine Gun Unknown number
 Belgium FN MAG 7.62x51 mm GPMG Unknown number
 USA M60 machine gun 7.62x51 mm GPMG Unknown number(phased out by the FN MAG)
 USA M2 Browning heavy machine gun .50 BMG Heavy Machine Gun Unknown number
 Russia NSV 12.7x108mm Heavy Machine Gun Mounted on T-72 tanks. Unknown number.
Infantry Anti-Armor Weapons
 Sweden Bofors AT4 84mm rocket launcher Unknown number
 Sweden Bofors Carl Gustav Recoilless Rifle 84mm recoilless rifle Unknown number
 Russia RPG-7(RPG-7V version) 40 mm rocket launcher Unknown number
 USA M40 recoilless rifle 106mm recoilless rifle Unknown number
 Israel IMI MAPATS-2 156 mm Anti-Tank Guided Missile Unknown number
Armored
Main Battle Tank
 Russia T-72B1V(T-72B1V/T-72 BREM-1/BREM-L) versions Main battle tank 192 units
 France AMX-30 Main battle tank 84 units (phased out by the T-72)
 France

AMX-13C.90

Light tank 36 units (phased out by the T-72)
 UK FV-101 Scorpion

FV101 Scorpion

Light tank 78 units
APC/IFV
 Russia BMP-3M (BMP-3/BMP-3K versions) Infantry Fighting Vehicle 270 units
 Russia BTR-80 Armoured Personnel Carrier 300 units More intended.
 France AMX-13 VTT-VCI (25 VTT/VCI, 10 VTT/LT, 20 VTT/PM, 12 VTT/PC, 8 VTT/TB) Armoured Personnel Carrier 75 units (most likely retired)
 UK FV104 Samaritan Armoured Personnel Carrier 4 units
 UK FV105 Sultan Armoured Personnel Carrier 2 units
 UK FV106 Samson Armoured Personnel Carrier 4 units
 USA Dragoon AFV (25 APC, 21 PM, 11 P, 2 R) Armoured Fighting Vehicle 59 units
 USA Dragoon 300 LFV2 Armored car 42 units
 USA V-100 Commando (50 LAV-100, 30 LAV-150) Armoured Fighting Vehicle 80 units
 Germany TPz Fuchs Armoured Personnel Carrier 10 units
Derivatives of the AMX-13, V-100 and Dragoon 300 are used for ambulance, vehicle recovery, artillery companion and command post roles.
Transport Vehicles
 Venezuela Tiuna multipurpose military vehicle 4,899 home-made units
 Austria Pinzgauer High Mobility All-Terrain Vehicle multipurpose military vehicle 244 Units
 USA Jeep Wrangler multipurpose military vehicle 144 Units
 USA Humvee multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number
 USA M151 MUTT jeeps 44 Units (all in storage)
 Austria Steyr-Daimler-Puch L-80 Unknown number
 Japan VEN Toyota Land Cruiser (J70) multipurpose military vehicle Unknown number (produced locally and imported)
 Italy IVECO/Fiat 90PM16 L-80 Unknown number
 Germany MAN 20.280D MAN 20.280D Unknown number
 Germany MAN 20.280 MAN 20.280 Unknown number
 USA Chevrolet Kodiak 7A15 Kodiak 7A15 Unknown number
 USA M-35/A2 Reo M-35/A2 Reo Unknown number
 USA  Switzerland M35 Fenix M-35 Fenix Unknown number
 Russia Ural-4320 Multipurpose transport truck Unknown number
Artillery
Field Artillery
 France Thomson Brandt MO-120 120mm mortar Unknown number
 Russia 2S12 Sani 120mm mortar Unknown number
 Russia 2S23 120mm self-propelled mortar 13 units
 USA M114 155 mm howitzer 24 units
 USA M101A1 105mm howitzer 40 units
 Italy OTO Melara Mod-56 105mm howitzer 40 units
 Russia 2S19 Msta-S 152mm self propelled howitzer 47 units
 France AMX-13/Mle F.3 155mm self propelled howitzer 10 units - Phased out by the 2S19 Msta-S
 France Israel AMX-13/LAR-160 160mm Multiple Rocket Launch System 25 units
 Russia BM-30 Smerch 300mm Multiple Rocket Launch System 12 units
 Russia BM-21 Grad 122mm Multiple Rocket Launch System 52 units on order from Russia
Air Defense Artillery
 Russia S-300VM missile systems 12 brigades on order from Russia
 Russia BUK-M2 missile systems 3 groups on order from Russia
 Russia S-125 Pechora-2M missile systems 11 mobile missile systems
 Sweden Bofors RBS-70 RBS-70 Unknown number
 Russia 9K338 Igla-S (SA-24 Grinch) 9K338 Igla-S Unknown number
 France Panhard AML S 530 twin 20mm AA Unknown number
 France AMX-13 Rafaga twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 Russia ZU-23-2 twin 23mm AA 300 units on order from Russia

Aircraft[edit | edit source]

Helicopters[edit | edit source]

Mil Mi-26T of the Venezuelan Army in Russia in March 2008.

Mi-35M2 "Caribe" of the Venezuelan Air Force.

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
Mil Mi-35  Russia Attack helicopter Mil Mi-35M2 Caribe 10
Mil Mi-17  Russia Transport helicopter Kazan Mi-17V-5 Panare 18 Two losses in accidents
Mil Mi-26  Russia Heavy lift transport helicopter Mil Mi-26T2 Pemon 3
Bell 205  USA Transport helicopter Bell 205A-1/UH-1H Huey 10 being phased out (six UH-1H; four 205A-1)
Bell 206  USA Transport/training helicopter Bell 206B Jet Ranger 4 2 transport, 2 training
Bell 412  USA Transport helicopter Bell 412HP/SP 10 Two B412SP; eight B412HP
Sikorsky S-61  USA Transport helicopter Agusta-Sikorsky AS-61SD Sea King 3 being modernized

Fixed wing[edit | edit source]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
IAI Arava  Israel Light utility transport 4
Beechcraft Super King Air  USA Transport 2
PZL M28  Poland Light transport 11 ENBV0063 crashed in 2010

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

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