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The Vickers MBT was a series of Main Battle Tanks developed as a private venture by Vickers-Armstrongs for export.

The Mk 1[edit | edit source]

Vijayanta a.k.a. Vickers Mk 1 MBT

The mark one was designed to be a simple low cost but effective tank.[1] The first prototype was completed in 1963.[1] It weighs 38,000 kg carried a 105mm gun and had a top speed of 48 km/h.[1] 70 tanks were sold to Kuwait and a large number of a modified version were made in India where the tank was called Vijayanta.[1]

The Mk 2[edit | edit source]

A Mk 2 version was planned, to be equipped with four Swingfire anti-tank missiles in addition to the main gun, but this did not enter production.[2] Other changes included a new turret design and tracks that could sustain running at 35MPH.[3]

The Mk 3[edit | edit source]

The prototype of the mark 3 was completed in 1975 and the tank was designed to meet the same requirements as the mark one while offering better performance.[4] Production started in 1978 and a number of tanks were sold to Kenya and Nigeria.[4] The tank is again armed with a 105mm main gun and has a top speed of 50 km/h.[4] It has a combat weight of 40,000 kg.[4] Vickers also produced armoured vehicle-launched bridge and armoured recovery vehicle versions.[5] Tanzania ordered a small number of the armoured recovery vehicle version.[5]

There was also a Vickers Marksman SPAAG version, equipped with the Marksman turret.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Gelbart, Marsh (1996). Tanks main battle and light tanks. Brassey’s UK Ltd. p. 108. ISBN 185753168X. 
  2. Ogorkiewicz, R M (1973). Vickers Battle Tank, Profile Publications, August 1973.
  3. Foss, Christopher F; McKenzie, Peter (1988). The Vickers tanks From landships to Challenger. Patrick Stephens Limited. pp. 185–186. ISBN 1853601418. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Gelbart, Marsh (1996). Tanks main battle and light tanks. Brassey’s UK Ltd. pp. 109–110. ISBN 185753168X. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Foss, Christopher F; McKenzie, Peter (1988). The Vickers tanks From landships to Challenger. Patrick Stephens Limited. p. 200. ISBN 1853601418. 

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