The Vickers MBT was a series of Main Battle Tanks developed as a private venture by Vickers-Armstrongs for export.
The Mk 1[edit | edit source]
The mark one was designed to be a simple low cost but effective tank. The first prototype was completed in 1963. It weighs 38,000 kg carried a 105mm gun and had a top speed of 48 km/h. 70 tanks were sold to Kuwait and a large number of a modified version were made in India where the tank was called Vijayanta.
The Mk 2[edit | edit source]
A Mk 2 version was planned, to be equipped with four Swingfire anti-tank missiles in addition to the main gun, but this did not enter production. Other changes included a new turret design and tracks that could sustain running at 35MPH.
The Mk 3[edit | edit source]
The prototype of the mark 3 was completed in 1975 and the tank was designed to meet the same requirements as the mark one while offering better performance. Production started in 1978 and a number of tanks were sold to Kenya and Nigeria. The tank is again armed with a 105mm main gun and has a top speed of 50 km/h. It has a combat weight of 40,000 kg. Vickers also produced armoured vehicle-launched bridge and armoured recovery vehicle versions. Tanzania ordered a small number of the armoured recovery vehicle version.
References[edit | edit source]
- Gelbart, Marsh (1996). Tanks main battle and light tanks. Brassey’s UK Ltd. p. 108. ISBN 185753168X.
- Ogorkiewicz, R M (1973). Vickers Battle Tank, Profile Publications, August 1973.
- Foss, Christopher F; McKenzie, Peter (1988). The Vickers tanks From landships to Challenger. Patrick Stephens Limited. pp. 185–186. ISBN 1853601418.
- Gelbart, Marsh (1996). Tanks main battle and light tanks. Brassey’s UK Ltd. pp. 109–110. ISBN 185753168X.
- Foss, Christopher F; McKenzie, Peter (1988). The Vickers tanks From landships to Challenger. Patrick Stephens Limited. p. 200. ISBN 1853601418.
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