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Victor Amadeus I
Preceded by Charles Emmanuel I
Succeeded by Francis Hyacinth
Personal details
Born (1587-04-08)8 April 1587
Turin, Piedmont
Died 7 October 1637(1637-10-07) (aged 50)
Turin, Italy
Spouse(s) Christine Marie of France
Religion Roman Catholicism

Victor Amadeus I (Italian language: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia ) (8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa.[1]

Biography[]

He was born in Turin, Piedmont to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain, daughter of King Philip II of Spain He spent much of his childhood at the Spanish court in Madrid at the court of his grandfather Philip II till he died in 1598 when the young Victor was 11. When his brother Filippo Emanuele, Prince of Piedmont died, he became legitimate heir to the duchy and received the loyalty swore of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.

After a crisis with relationships with Spain, he was married to Henry IV of France's daughter Christine Marie in 1619.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.

Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain. With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was given back Pinerolo, although, according to a secret point of the agreement, that important stronghold was to remain with France in exchange for Geneve.

Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italy. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on September 8, 1637 in the battle of Mombaldone.

On 25 September of that year, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. Carried to Turin, he died here on 7 October.

Marriage and issue[]

He married Christine Marie of France (1606–1663), Regent of the Duchy from 1637 to 1663 and a daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. They had children including:

  • Stillborn son (1621)
  • Prince Louis Amadeus of Savoy (Turin, 1622 – Turin, 1628)
  • Princess Louise Christine of Savoy (Turin, 27 July 1629 – Turin, 14 May 1692), married her uncle Prince Maurice of Savoy
  • Prince Francis Hyacinth of Savoy (Turin, 14 September 1632 – Castello del Valentino, 4 October 1638), Duke of Savoy
  • Prince Charles Emmanuel of Savoy (20 June 1634 – Palace of Venaria, 12 June 1675), Duke of Savoy; married first his first cousin Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans and had no issue; secondly married another first cousin Marie Jeanne of Savoy and had issue;
  • Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy (Turin, 15 November 1635 – Parma, 29 April 1663), married Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma; had two stillborn children; died giving birth to her last child;
  • Princess Henrietta Adelaide Marie of Savoy (Turin, 6 November 1636 – Munich, 18 March 1676), married Ferdinand Maria of Wittelsbach, Elector of Bavaria and had issue
  • Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy (Turin, 6 November 1636 – Turin, 26 August 1637) twin of the above

Ancestry[]

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References[]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[]

Titles and styles[]

  • 8 May 1587 – 21 January 1607 His Highness Victor Amadeus of Savoy
  • 21 January 1607 – 26 July 1630His Highness the Prince of Piedmont
  • 26 July 1630 – 7 October 1637 His Highness the Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
House of Savoy
Born: 8 May 1587 Died: 7 October 1637
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles Emmanuel I
Duke of Savoy
1630–1637
Succeeded by
Francis Hyacinth
Christine Marie of France as Regent (1637–1663)

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