Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery located in Arlington County, Virginia near The Pentagon and directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial. The cemetery has graves for thousands of casualties and deceased veterans of the nation's conflicts, beginning with the American Civil War but includes reinterred dead from earlier wars as well. It was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, which had been the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee (a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington).
The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.
Recipients[edit | edit source]
|Image||Name||Service||Rank||Death date||Burial location||Comments|
|Wayne M. Caron*||Navy||Hospital Corpsman Third Class||July 28, 1986||Section 51, grave 2600||Was killed while providing medical attention to several wounded Marines|
|Jon R. Cavaiani||Army||Staff Sergeant||July 29, 2014||Section 60, site 10590||Risked his life by attacking a wave of enemy forces alone to allow the rest of his platoon to escape|
|Donald G. Cook*||Marine Corps||Captain||December 8, 1967||Section MI, lot 110||For assisting fellow prisoners while a prisoner of war|
|75px||Michael J. Crescenz*||Army||Corporal||November 20, 1986||Section 59, lot 3226||For single-handedly destroying two bunkers while under fire from a third machine gun during an ambush|
|Merlyn H. Dethlefsen||Air Force||Captain||December 14, 1987||Section 65, lot 1626||Flew repeated close range strikes to silence enemy defensive positions, ignoring overwhelming firepower and damage to his own aircraft|
|Stephen H. Doane*||Army||First Lieutenant||March 25, 1969||Section 59, lot 1617||Although already wounded, he sacrificed his life to save other soldiers who were pinned down by silencing two enemy gun emplacements and diving into a third with a grenade.|
|James A. Graham*||Marine Corps||Captain||June 2, 1967||Section 13, lot 8576-F||After fighting off the enemy, he sacrificed his life by allowing the rest of his company to return to friendly lines, while he remained alone with an injured soldier who could not be moved due to his wounds.|
|Joseph X. Grant*||Army||First Lieutenant||November 13, 1966||Section 30, grave 1648-2||Killed by enemy mortar fire while attempting to rescue several injured Marines|
|Loren D. Hagen*||Army||First Lieutenant||August 7, 1971||Section 28, grave 1204||For attempting to aid a critically wounded Special reconnaissance team member Bruce Allen Berg during a massive North Vietnamese Army assault.|
|Joe R. Hooper||Army||Sergeant||May 6, 1979||Section 46||Repeatedly risked his life to rescue wounded soldiers and attack groups of enemy soldiers, clearing multiple bunkers and houses sometimes single-handed. Refused medical treatment or evacuation until after action and his men were settled. Most decorated soldier during Vietnam War. Arguably the most decorated U.S. Army soldier in history (counting only U.S. citations).|
|Delbert O. Jennings||Army||Staff Sergeant||March 16, 2003||Section 7A, lot 157||Repeatedly attacked and defended his unit from enemy fire and assisted 8 wounded men who were trapped behind enemy lines|
|75px||Lawrence Joel||Army||Specialist Five||February 4, 1984||Section 46, lot 15-1||Provided medical treatment to fellow soldiers while under heavy fire, despite being wounded twice, during Operation Hump|
|Dwight H. Johnson||Army||Specialist Five||April 30, 1971||Section 31, lot 471||Repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to man several different machine-guns until the enemy had been fought back|
|Leonard B. Keller||Army||Sergeant||April 30, 1971||Section 31, lot 471||Assaulted an enemy platoon with another soldier preventing further casualties|
|John L. Levitow||Air Force||Airman First Class||November 20, 2000||Section 66, site 7107||For diving on top of a flare to eject it from an aircraft, saving the aircraft and the entire crew on board|
|Michael J. Novosel||Army||Chief Warrant Officer||April 2, 2006||For the rescue of 29 American and South Vietnamese soldiers from a heavily fortified enemy training area without any cover or gunship support.|
|William D. Port*||Army||Private First Class||November 27, 1968||Section 7-8120-B||Rescued a wounded comrade and then smothered the blast of an enemy-thrown grenade with his body to protect other soldiers. He survived the blast, but was seriously wounded and captured by the enemy dying while a prisoner of war ten months later.|
|Laszlo Rabel*||Army||Staff Sergeant||November 13, 1968||Section 52, grave 1326||For falling on a grenade to save his comrades|
|Charles C. Rogers||Army||Lieutenant Colonel||September 21, 1990||Section 7A, lot 99||Risked his life to repel the enemy and protect his soldiers during an enemy assault on his firebase.|
|Larry E. Smedley*||Marine Corps||Corporal||December 21, 1967||Section 31, lot 6486||Assaulted the enemy with grenades and rifle fire until dying from his wounds|
|Jon E. Swanson*||Army||Captain||February 26, 1971||Section 60, lot 7755||Sacrificed his life by flying his aircraft dangerously slow and low to destroy enemy machine gun emplacements until his aircraft was shot down.|
|Charles J. Watters*||Army||Major||November 19, 1967||Section 2-E||Was a chaplain who sacrificed himself to rescue several wounded men|
|Charles Q. Williams||Army||Second Lieutenant||October 15, 1982||Section 65, lot 1471||After a group of enemy insurgents attacked he organized a defense and repelled the enemy throughout the night|
|Gerald O. Young||Air Force||Captain||June 6, 1990||Section 7A, lot 87||Distinguished himself while serving as a helicopter rescue crew commander|
Post Vietnam[edit | edit source]
|Image||Name||Service||Rank||Death date||Grave location||Comments|
|Ross A. McGinnis†||Army||Specialist||December 4, 2006||Section 60, site 8544||Saved the lives of four soldiers by diving on a grenade while inside HMMWV (Humvee)|
|Paul R. Smith†||Army||Sergeant First Class||April 4, 2003||Section D, lot 67||Held the enemy at bay allowing for the wounded to be carried out, died in the process|
Other conflicts[edit | edit source]
|Image||Name||Service||Rank||Conflict||Death date||Burial location||Comments|
|Edwin Anderson, Jr.||Navy||Captain||Veracruz||September 23, 1933||Section 2, grave 3798||Showed fearlessness and courage in battle, during the engagement of Veracruz, April 22, 1914, in command of the Second Seaman Regiment|
|Oscar C. Badger II||Oscar C. Badger II||Navy||Ensign||Veracruz||November 30, 1958||Section 2, lot 3760-WS||Led his men in both days' fighting at the head of his company|
|Randolph C. Berkeley||Marine Corps||Major||Veracruz||January 31, 1960||Section 3, site 1591-5||”For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Veracruz, 21 – 22 April 1914”; was eminent and conspicuous in command of his battalion; was in the fighting of both days, and exhibited courage and his skill in leading his men through action. His cool judgment and courage and his skill in handling his men in encountering and overcoming the machine gun and rifle fire down Cinco de Mayo and parallel streets accounts for the small percentage of the losses of Marines under his command.|
|Frank Jack Fletcher||Navy||Lieutenant||Veracruz||April 25, 1973||Section 2, lot 4736-E||”For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Veracruz, 21 – 22 April 1914”|
Notes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Ross McGinnis, Medal of Honor recipient". Arlington National Cemetery Biography. Arlington National Cemetery profile. December 9, 2006. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ramcginnis.htm. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Private First Class Ross A. McGinnis". Iraq War Medal of Honor recipients. Army Center of Military History. May 7, 2015. http://www.history.army.mil/moh/iraq.html#McGinnis. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Vietnam War Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7337801. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Medal of Honor - Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith". http://www.army.mil/medalofhonor/smith/citation/index.html. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Mexican Campaign (Vera Cruz)". Medal of Honor recipients. United States Army Center of Military History (CMH). http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/mohmex.html. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Vietnam War Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/5746379. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
- "Vietnam War Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6239034. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Randolph Carter Berkeley, Jr., Colonel, United States Marine Corps". Arlington National Cemetery.net. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/rcberkeleyjr.htm. Retrieved OCtober 31, 2015.
- "Vietnam War Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6623703. Retrieved October 31, 2015.