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Viktor Schütze
Viktor Schütze.jpg
Born (1906-02-16)16 February 1906
Died 23 September 1950(1950-09-23) (age 69)
Place of birth Flensburg
Place of death Frankfurt am Main
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of Weimar Republic (jack).svg Reichsmarine
War Ensign of Germany (1938–1945).svg Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1925–1945
Rank Kapitän zur See
Unit SSS Niobe
Hamburg
tender Nordsee
Meteor
Hessen
torpedo boat T-155, G-10
cruiser Admiral Scheer
destroyer Erich Steinbrinck
1st U-boat Flotilla
U-Bootschulflottille
2nd U-boat Flotilla
Commands held

U-19, 1936-01-16 – 1937-09-30
U-11, 1938-08-13 – 1939-09-04
U-25, 1939-09-05 – 1940-05-19
U-103, 1940-06-05 – 1941-08-12
2nd U-boat Flotilla

FdU Ausbildungsflottillen Gotenhafen
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Captain Viktor Schütze (16 February 1906 – 23 September 1950), was a German Kriegsmarine U-boat ace, sinking a total of 35 allied ships totalling 180,053 tons during the Second World War. He is in fifth place on the ten Aces of the Deep. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German language:Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

BiographyEdit

Schütze was born in Flensburg, and started his naval career aboard German torpedo boats in April 1925, before transferring to the new U-boat division ten years later in October 1935. There he commanded U-19 for two years, before being relieved to take destroyer training - before returning to the U-boat arm in command of U-11. When war broke out he commanded U-25, with which he sailed on three patrols, mainly in the Bay of Biscay and off the Portuguese coast.

In July 1940 he assumed command over the Type IXC U-103, and commanded for four patrols in North Atlantic and African waters. In December he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his successes. In August 1941 he retired from front service, taking up positions as Flottillenchef of 2nd U-boat Flotilla. In March 1943 he became the FdU Ausbildungsflottillen (Commander of the training flottillas in the Baltic Sea) in Flensburg-Kappeln, in which position he served until the end of the war.

He died in Frankfurt am Main in 1950.

AwardsEdit

Wehrmachtbericht referencesEdit

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Wednesday, 4 December 1940 Die deutsche Unterseebootwaffe hatte weitere Erfolge im Handelskrieg gegen England zu verzeichnen. Ein Unterseeboot versenkte sechs bewaffnete feindliche Handelsschiffe mit 31 500 BRT. Damit hat das unter Führung von Korvettenkapitän Viktor Schütze stehende Unterseeboot insgesamt 94 500 BRT feindlichen Handelsschiffraum versenkt.[3] The German submarine force had further success in the commercial war against England. A submarine sank six armed enemy merchant ships of 31 500 GRT. So the submarine under the leadership of Lieutenant Commander Viktor Schütze has sunk a total of 94 500 GRT of enemy merchant shipping.
Tuesday, 10 December 1940 Ein Unterseeboot meldet die Versenkung von zwei bewaffneten feindlichen Handelsschiffen mit zusammen 14 500 BRT. Damit erhöht sich der von Korvettenkapitän Viktor Schütze auf seiner letzten Feindfahrt erzielte Erfolg auf 45 000 BRT versenkten feindlichen Handelsschiffraumes.[4] A submarine reported the sinking of two armed enemy merchant ships totalling 14 500 GRT. Thus, the total success achieved by Lieutenant Commander Viktor Schütze on his last patrol has increased to 45 000 GRT of enemy merchant shipping sunk.
Tuesday, 27 May 1941 Bei der Vernichtung feindlicher Handelsschiffe westlich von Afrika zeichnete sich das von Korvettenkapitän Schütze geführte Unterseeboot durch die Versenkung von elf Schiffen mit zusammen 56 200 BRT besonders aus.[5] In the destruction of enemy merchant shipping west of Africa, a submarine lead by of Lieutenant Commander Schütze particularly distinguished itself with the sinking of eleven ships for a total of 56 200 GRT.
Sunday, 13 July 1941 Korvettenkapitän Schütze hat bisher insgesamt 37 Schiffe versenkt und damit als siebenter Unterseebootskommandant über 200 000 BRT vernichtet.[6] Lieutenant Commander Schütze has so far sunk a total of 37 ships and thus as the seventh submarine commander destroyed over 200 000 GRT.

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Busch and Röll 2003, p. 99.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 688.
  3. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 374.
  4. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 378.
  5. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 542.
  6. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 616.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
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External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Korvettenkapitän Heinz Fischer
Commander of 2nd U-boat Flotilla
August, 1941 – January, 1943
Succeeded by
Fregattenkapitän Ernst Kals



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