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Vishnya-class intelligence ship
USS Texas (CGN-39) and Soviet AGI Kareliya (SSV-535) 1988.jpg
SSV-535 Kareliya and USS Texas (CGN-39) in 1988
Class overview
Builders: Stocznia Polnocna, Gdansk, Poland
Operators: Soviet Navy, Russian Navy
Preceded by: Balzam class intelligence ship
General characteristics
Type: Intelligence collection ship
Displacement: 3,470 tons full load
Length: 94.4 m
Beam: 14.6 m
Draught: 4.5 m
Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 Sulzer diesels, 4,400 bhp
Speed: 16 knots
Complement: 146 (= 6 passengers)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Sonar: Pamyat hull mounted arrays, HF dipping
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Intercept arrays

2 × AK-630 six-barreled Gatling 30 mm/L60 guns

2 x SA-N-8 surface-to-air missiles

The Vishnya class (also known as the Meridian class) are a group of intelligence collection ships built for the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. The ships continue in service with the Russian Navy. The Soviet designation is Project 864.


These ships are large, purpose built ships designed for SIGINT and COMINT electronic intelligence via an extensive array of sensors. The data could be transmitted to shore via satellite link antennas housed in two large radomes. The ships are armed with two AK-630 close-in weapon systems and SA-N-8 SAM launchers.


SSV-208 Kuril'y in 2005

  • SSV-520 Fedor Golovin (ex Meridian 1985- Baltic Fleet)
  • SSV-169 Tavriya (1986-Northern Fleet)
  • SSV-208 Kuril'y (1986-Pacific Fleet)
  • SSV-535 Kareliya (1986-Pacific Fleet)
  • SSV-201 Priazov'ye (1987 Black Sea Fleet)
  • SSV-175 Viktor Leonov (ex Odograf 1988 Northern Fleet)
  • SSV-231 Vasiliy Nikititch tatischev (ex Pelengator Northern Fleet)


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