|Vladimir Vladimirovich Marushevsky|
Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маруше́вский
|General Vladimir Marushevsky|
|Chief of the General Staff|
26 September 1917 – 23 November 1917
|Preceded by||Ivan Romanovsky|
|Succeeded by||Nikolay Potapov (as the chief of staff of the Red Army)|
|Born||12 July 1874|
Peterhof, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
|Died||24 November 1951 (aged 77)|
Zagreb, Socialist Republic of Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia
|Allegiance|| Russian Empire|
Russian Republic White Movement
|Service/branch|| Russian Imperial Army|
|Years of service||1896–1919|
Vladimir Vladimirovich Marushevsky (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маруше́вский; 12 July 1874 – 24 November 1951) was an Imperial Russian general, and served as the last chief of staff of the Russian Republic.
Marushevsky was born on July 12, 1874 in Saint Petersburg, into a noble family originated from the Saint Petersburg Government. In 1893 and 1896, he graduated from the Sixth Cadet Corps and the Mykolaiv Engineering School respectively. After graduating, he served in several minor battalions. During this time, he was promoted to lieutenant in 1898, and staff captain in 1902.
World War I
In the first world war he commanded the 3rd Special Infantry Brigade of the Russian Expeditionary Force in France between July 1916 and May 1917. Between 26 September and 23 November 1917, he was the last Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Empire. He was briefly arrested in November 1917, but released on parole, after which he fled to Finland and Sweden.
Russian Civil War
On November 19, 1918 at the invitation of the British and French military missions he came to Arkhangelsk, where he was appointed commander of the Northern Region. At the same time he was a member of the Provisional Government of the Northern Region as Governor-General and the head of the departments of internal affairs, communications, posts and telegraphs. He led the formation of the “White” Northern Army of about 20,000 soldiers. It relied in its activities heavily on the British military contingent, which took part in the Allied military intervention in the north of Russia and led military operations against units of the Red Army.On January 13, 1919, he transferred the duties of the Governor-General to General Yevgeny Miller, remaining commander of the Army (but actually served as Miller's assistant).
From May 1919 he was Lieutenant General. In the summer of 1919, he negotiated with Mannerheim about military cooperation between Finland and the Russian Northern Region. On August 19, 1919, he resigned from the post of commander of the Northern Army and on September 5, 1919, he went to Sweden. He went into exile in Yugoslavia, and died in Zagreb in 1951.
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