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William C Braxton Sinclair[1] RE FRIBA (who styled himself W Braxton Sinclair) was a British architect who worked in the 19th and 20th centuries in the United Kingdom and in Burma, where he was a captain in the Royal Engineers.[2] He was also a local historian.[3]

Army serviceEdit

Sinclair joined the 6th Battalion of The Essex Regimentand was promoted to lieutenant in 1910.[1] As lieutenant, he served with the regiment in the First World War and as a captain in the Royal Engineers in the Second World War.[4] Three photographs associated with his war service are held at the National Army Museum.[4]

WorksEdit

First Church of Christ Scientist Richmond - geograph.org.uk - 1070610

First Church of Christ, Scientist, Richmond

His works include:

  • 8 Turner Close, Hampstead Garden Suburb (1920–23),[5] which was listed Grade II in 1970[6]
  • First Church of Christ Scientist, Southport, Lancashire, 1924–33, now demolished[7]
  • First Church of Christ Scientist, Bromley[8] (1928–33) at 54B Widmore Road, Bromley, London, which is Grade II listed.[9] The Bromley Civic Society describes it as "an amazing fusion of classicism and Art Deco based on the design of a Roman tomb which accounts for the addition of a Mediterranean cypress tree as part of the integral landscaping. Special features are the classical pilasters in varying thicknesses of brick, repeated in the window tracery and the design of the carved wooden doors. Small hand-made bricks are used throughout."[10]
  • The Tudor-style gatehouse (1939) at the entrance to Dunsborough Park in Ripley, Surrey[11][12][13]
  • First Church of Christ, Scientist, Richmond (1939–53) at Sheen Road, Richmond, London[14]
  • Huddersfield House (1958–59) at 199–203 Strand, London WC2[15]

In 1913 he restored the tower at Holy Cross Church in Greenford, north-west London.[16]

In 1950 he extended the neo-Georgian flats that had been built in 1937 in Chesterfield Gardens in Greenwich.[17] His design of a sophisticated air raid shelter for flats at Queen's Gate, in South Kensington, London, was published in The Builder in October 1938.[18]

PublicationsEdit

While briefly stationed in York during the Second World War, Sinclair, who was a Georgian Group member, wrote notes which, revised by the Society's architects, became the first publication of the York Georgian Society, Some Hints on the Maintenance and Repair of 17th and 18th Century Premises (1945).[20]

LegacyEdit

Sinclair bequeathed, to the Victoria and Albert Museum, four Burmese pictorial textile hangings known as kalagas.[21][22][23][24] The museum also holds three watercolours by Sinclair, two showing Burmese landscapes[2][25] and one of a Burmese pagoda.[26] After his death Mrs Mary Simpson donated on his behalf, to the Victoria and Albert Museum, an 18th- or 19th-century wooden and lacquered sculpted figure of the Buddha Shakyamuni.[27]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "6th Battalion, The Essex Regiment". January 1911. pp. 506. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28458/page/506/data.pdf. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Watercolour of a burmese landscape". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O61346/watercolour-of-a-captain-braxton-sinclair/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  3. Osborne, Mike (2012). Defending London: The Military Landscape from Prehistory to Present. Stroud: The History Press. ISBN 978 0 7524 7931 6. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=5mc7AwAAQBAJ&pg=PT68&lpg=PT68&dq=W+Braxton+Sinclair&source=bl&ots=nuhO9hj1oF&sig=t4F4ItTV62Xb3Xn4bfGCYswRVnY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=vfqKU8akI8PPObmsgDg&ved=0CFUQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=W%20Braxton%20Sinclair&f=false. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Three photographs associated with Lt William Braxton Sinclair, 6th Bn The Essex Regiment, 1912 (c) and Royal Engineers, 1944 (c).". National Army Museum. http://www.nam.ac.uk/inventory/objects/results.php?shortDescription=&event=&campaign=&associatedName=&unit=essex%20regiment&placeNotes=&productionNotes=&keyword=&flag=2&page=3. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  5. "Listed buildings". Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust. http://www.hgstrust.org/documents/listed-buildings.pdf. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  6. "8, Turner Close Nw11, Barnet". British Listed Buildings. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-199126-8-turner-close-nw11-greater-london-autho. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  7. Harwood, Elain and Foster, Andrew (1998). "Places of Christian Worship 1914–1990: A Selection of Christian Places of Worship". Twentieth Century Society. pp. 124. http://www.c20society.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/1998-Gazetteer-of-Buildings-of-Christian-Worship-post-1914.pdf. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  8. "Churches etc". Art Deco Buildings: London examples. London Footprints. http://www.london-footprints.co.uk/artdecobldgs.htm. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  9. "First Church of Christ Scientist, Bromley". British Listed Buildings. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-358653-first-church-of-christ-scientist-greater. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  10. Bromley Civic Society and The Friends of Bromley Town Parks (June 2011). "No 3 – Bromley North from Market Square". Bromley Town Centre Conservation Area Heritage Walks. Bromley Civic Society. http://www.bromleycivicsociety.org.uk/Downloads/Bromley%20Town%20Heritage%20Walk%20no%203.pdf. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  11. Kay, Thornton (11 July 2013). "Daemons and dainties dazzle at Dunsborough". Salvo News. http://www.salvonews.com/story/daemons-and-dainties-dazzle-at-dunsborough-x76283x9.html. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  12. "A Pair of Compton Pottery Terracotta 'Snake Pots'". Sale 4300/ Lot 1. Christie's. 2013. http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/sculptures-statues-figures/a-pair-of-compton-pottery-terracotta-snake-5693736-details.aspx. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  13. Nairn, Ian and Pevsner, Nikolaus, 2nd edition revised by Cherry, Bridget (2002). The Buildings of England – Surrey. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 444. ISBN 0 300 09675 5. 
  14. Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nikolaus (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 519. ISBN 0 14 0710 47 7. 
  15. Pevsner, Nikolaus, 3rd edition revised by Cherry, Bridget (1973). The Buildings of England – London 1: The Cities of London and Westminster. Penguin Books. pp. 381. ISBN 0 14 0710 12 4. 
  16. Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002). The Buildings of England – London 3: North West. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 181. ISBN 0 300 09652 6. 
  17. Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nikolaus (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 268. ISBN 0 14 0710 12 4. 
  18. "History". Air Raid Shelter, Richmond upon Thames. British Listed Buildings. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-505530-air-raid-shelter-greater-london-authorit. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  19. "Journal". Journal of the Burma Research Society. Myanmar Book Centre. http://www.myanmarbook.com/index.php?__2M3Nkamg=__1amJyc2xzdA&sub=ARCHITECTURE,%20PAGAN. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  20. Webb, Katherine A (9 December 2009). "Early Years of the York Georgian Society". York Georgian Society. http://www.yorkgeorgiansociety.org/about.php. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  21. "Hanging (IS.1–1963)". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O47028/hanging-unknown/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  22. "Hanging (IS.2–1963)". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O47042/hanging-unknown/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  23. "Hanging (IS.3–1963)". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O47071/hanging-unknown/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  24. "Hanging (IS.4–1963)". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O47298/hanging-unknown/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  25. "Watercolour of a burmese landscape". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O61361/watercolour-of-a-captain-braxton-sinclair/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  26. "Watercolour of a burmese pagoda". Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O61357/watercolour-of-a-captain-braxton-sinclair/. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  27. "Figure". Buddha Sakyamuni; Sculpture, wood, lacquered gilt, Burma, C18-19. Victoria and Albert Museum. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O479907/figure/. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 

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