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Wade Hampton I
Wade Hampton I.jpg
Member of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1803 – March 4, 1805
Preceded by Richard Winn
Succeeded by O'Brien Smith
Member of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1795 – March 3, 1797
Preceded by John Hunter
Succeeded by John Rutledge, Jr.
Personal details
Born 1752
Died February 4, 1835
Political party Democratic-Republican
Profession planter, soldier
Military service
Allegiance Flag of the United States (1777-1795).svg United States of America
Service/branch Gadsden flag.svg Continental Army
U.S. Army
Years of service 1778-1782; 1808-1814
Rank brigadier general
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War
1811 German Coast Uprising
War of 1812

Wade Hampton (1752 – February 4, 1835) was a South Carolina soldier, politician, two-term U.S. Congressman, and wealthy plantation owner. He was the scion of the politically important Hampton family, which was influential in state politics almost into the 20th century. His great-great-grandfather Thomas Hampton (1623–1690) was born in England and settled in the Virginia Colony.

Hampton served in the American Revolution as a lieutenant colonel in a South Carolina volunteer cavalry regiment. He was a Democratic-Republican member of Congress for South Carolina from 1795–1797 and from 1803–1805, and a presidential elector in 1801.

He was appointed a colonel in the United States Army in 1808, and was promoted to brigadier general in February 1809, replacing James Wilkinson as the general in charge of New Orleans.

He used the U.S. military presence in New Orleans to suppress the 1811 German Coast Uprising, which he believed was a Spanish plot.

During the War of 1812, Hampton led the American forces in the Battle of Chateauguay in 1813. On April 6, 1814, he resigned his commission and returned to South Carolina after leading thousands of U.S. soldiers to defeat at the hands of just a little over a thousand Canadian militia and 180 Mohawk warriors then getting his army lost in the woods.

Thereafter, he acquired a large fortune land speculating. At his death it was told that he was the wealthiest planter in the United States, owning over 3,000 slaves. Hampton spent much of his time in a mansion, now known as the Hampton-Preston House, in Columbia, South Carolina.

Hampton County, South Carolina is named for the former Congressman.

His son Wade Hampton II and grandson Wade Hampton III were also prominent in South Carolina social circles and politics, with the latter Hampton serving as the state's governor after a distinguished career as a general in the Confederate army during the American Civil War.

He is interred in the churchyard at Trinity Episcopal Church in Columbia, South Carolina.

External linksEdit

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Richard Winn
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 4th congressional district

1803-1805
Succeeded by
O'Brien Smith
Preceded by
John Hunter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 2nd congressional district

1795-1797
Succeeded by
John Rutledge, Jr.

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