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{{refimprove|date=November 2012}}
 
 
 
{{Infobox person
 
{{Infobox person
 
|name=Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson
 
|name=Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson
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|nationality = [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]]
 
|nationality = [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]]
 
}}
 
}}
'''Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson''' (November 9, 1927 - December 10, 1985) was a [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]] [[Native American (Americas)|Native American]] [[Activist]] predominantly active in the 1950's who became a spokesman for Native American Sovereignty.<ref name=Haudenosaunee>{{cite book|last=Johansen|first=Bruce Elliot|title=Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy)|year=2000|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|isbn=978-0313308802|pages=24–25|coauthors=Barbara Alice Mann}}</ref>
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'''Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson''' (November 9, 1927 - December 10, 1985) was a [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]] [[Native American (Americas)|Native American]] Activist predominantly active in the 1950's who became a spokesman for Native American Sovereignty.<ref name=Haudenosaunee>{{cite book|last=Johansen|first=Bruce Elliot|title=Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy)|year=2000|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|isbn=978-0313308802|pages=24–25|coauthors=Barbara Alice Mann}}</ref>
   
As a child, Anderson received the nickname "Mad Bear" from his grandmother due to his temper. As a young man, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy, serving during [[World War II]] in [[Okinawa Prefecture|Okinawa]], and later in [[Korea]]. Anderson became an activist for Native American Rights after being rejected for a loan under the GI Bill to build a house on the [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]] reservation.<ref name=Haudenosaunee />
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As a child, Anderson received the nickname "Mad Bear" from his grandmother due to his temper. As a young man, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy, serving during [[World War II]] in Okinawa, and later in Korea. Anderson became an activist for Native American Rights after being rejected for a loan under the GI Bill to build a house on the [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]] reservation.<ref name=Haudenosaunee />
   
 
==Income Tax Protests==
 
==Income Tax Protests==
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The Power Authority of the State of New York seized Tuscarora Reservation land to build a reservoir to flood the land. Anderson was a key figure in the protest against the Tuscarora Reservoir, blocking surveyors from entering the reservation and deflating tires of workers, as well as laying in the road to block trucks. Despite the protest efforts, the U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled that the taking of the land was legal and the reservoir was built.<ref name=Haudenosaunee />
 
The Power Authority of the State of New York seized Tuscarora Reservation land to build a reservoir to flood the land. Anderson was a key figure in the protest against the Tuscarora Reservoir, blocking surveyors from entering the reservation and deflating tires of workers, as well as laying in the road to block trucks. Despite the protest efforts, the U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled that the taking of the land was legal and the reservoir was built.<ref name=Haudenosaunee />
   
==Declaration of Sovereignty ==
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==Declaration of Sovereignty==
In March 1959, Anderson helped to lead a revolt and declaration of sovereignty at the [[Six Nations Reserve]] in [[Brantford]], [[Ontario]], the settlement founded by [[Joseph Brant]]. Following this declaration, twelve [[Royal Canadian Mounted Police]] entered the reserve's council house, but the Iroquois forced them out.<ref name=Haudenosaunee />
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In March 1959, Anderson helped to lead a revolt and declaration of sovereignty at the [[Six Nations Reserve]] in Brantford, Ontario, the settlement founded by [[Joseph Brant]]. Following this declaration, twelve [[Royal Canadian Mounted Police]] entered the reserve's council house, but the Iroquois forced them out.<ref name=Haudenosaunee />
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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* [http://www.historyandtheheadlines.abc-clio.com/ContentPages/ContentPage.aspx?entryId=1171847&currentSection=1161468&productid=5 Anderson, Wallace Mad Bear]
 
* [http://www.historyandtheheadlines.abc-clio.com/ContentPages/ContentPage.aspx?entryId=1171847&currentSection=1161468&productid=5 Anderson, Wallace Mad Bear]
   
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{{Wikipedia|Wallace &#34;Mad Bear&#34; Anderson}}
{{Persondata
 
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| NAME = Anderson, Wallace "Mad Bear"
 
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
 
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Native American activist
 
| DATE OF BIRTH = November 9, 1927
 
| PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Tuscarora people|Tuscarora]] Indian Reservation in [[Lewiston, New York]]
 
| DATE OF DEATH = December 10, 1985
 
| PLACE OF DEATH =
 
}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Anderson, Wallace Mad Bear}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Anderson, Wallace Mad Bear}}
 
[[Category:1927 births]]
 
[[Category:1927 births]]
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[[Category:Tuscarora]]
 
[[Category:Tuscarora]]
 
[[Category:People from Niagara County, New York]]
 
[[Category:People from Niagara County, New York]]
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[[Category:United States Navy sailors]]
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[[Category:United States Navy personnel of World War II]]

Latest revision as of 13:51, 11 January 2021

Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson
File:WallaceMadBearAnderson.jpeg
Born Wallace Anderson
November 1927
Tuscarora Indian Reservation in Lewiston, New York
Died December 10, 1985(1985-12-10) (aged 58)
Nationality Tuscarora

Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson (November 9, 1927 - December 10, 1985) was a Tuscarora Native American Activist predominantly active in the 1950's who became a spokesman for Native American Sovereignty.[1]

As a child, Anderson received the nickname "Mad Bear" from his grandmother due to his temper. As a young man, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy, serving during World War II in Okinawa, and later in Korea. Anderson became an activist for Native American Rights after being rejected for a loan under the GI Bill to build a house on the Tuscarora reservation.[1]

Income Tax Protests[]

Anderson led protests against Iroquois payment of New York State income taxes in 1957. Several hundred Akwesasne Mohawks marched to the Massena, New York courthouse to burn court summons that were issued for unpaid taxes.

Tuscarora Reservoir Protest[]

The Power Authority of the State of New York seized Tuscarora Reservation land to build a reservoir to flood the land. Anderson was a key figure in the protest against the Tuscarora Reservoir, blocking surveyors from entering the reservation and deflating tires of workers, as well as laying in the road to block trucks. Despite the protest efforts, the U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled that the taking of the land was legal and the reservoir was built.[1]

Declaration of Sovereignty[]

In March 1959, Anderson helped to lead a revolt and declaration of sovereignty at the Six Nations Reserve in Brantford, Ontario, the settlement founded by Joseph Brant. Following this declaration, twelve Royal Canadian Mounted Police entered the reserve's council house, but the Iroquois forced them out.[1]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Johansen, Bruce Elliot; Barbara Alice Mann (2000). Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy). Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-0313308802. 

External links[]

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