The Kriegsakademie (German for war academy) of the Bavarian Army was the military academy and staff college of the Kingdom of Bavaria, existing from 1867 to the beginning of World War I in 1914. For a better distinction to equivalent institutions of other countries like the older and ten times larger Prussian Military Academy of the Prussian Army in Berlin or the war academy of the Austrian Army in Vienna, the Kriegsakademie in Munich is commonly called Bavarian war academy.
The Kriegsakademie was subordinated to the Inspektion der Militärbildungs-Anstalten, a department of the Ministry of War, that was responsible for all training institutions of the Bavarian Army. Like the Kriegsschule (war school) and the cadet corps of the Bavarian army, it was located southwesterly of the corner Blutenburgstraße and Pappenheimstraße, nearby to the parade-ground on the Marsfeld and the later infantry barracks "Marsfeldkaserne", which were completed in 1888.
Education and training
Officers of all branches except these of the railroad troops, who were designated for adjutant services as well as candidates for the general staff or for military sciences had to visit the Kriegsakademie. The program of the Kriegsakademie included higher education in tactics, weaponry, fortification theory, army organization, topography and languages, as well as drill, sports, riding and shooting training, completed by courses in strategies, military and generically history, geography, philosophy, mathematics and physics.
- Othmar Hackl: Die bayerische Kriegsakademie (1867-1914)., in Schriftenreihe zur bayerischen Landesgeschichte, vol. 89, Munich, 1989
References and notes
- Kriegsakademie (German), Meyers Konversationslexikon.
- Grundkurs deutsche Militärgeschichte (German), p. 452.
- Kriegsakademie (German), in Wilhelm Volkert, Richard Bauer: Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte, 1983, p. 361. ISBN 978-3-406-09669-3.
- Map of 1922
- see also Eisenbahnkaserne
- Before 1867 taught in the Topographisches Bureau, Munich, that became part of the General Staff in 1820.
- Kultur, Bildung und Wissenschaft im 19. Jahrhundert - 3. Technische und fachgebietsspezifische Hochschulen (German), in Hans-Christof Kraus: Kultur, Bildung und Wissenschaft im 19. Jahrhundert, 2008, p. 35. ISBN 978-3-486-55728-2
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