Warangal Fort, in the present-day Indian state of Telangana (formerly a part of the state of Andhra Pradesh), appears to have existed since at least the 13th century CE. Although precise dating of its construction and subsequent enhancements are uncertain, historians and archaeologists generally accept that an earlier brick-walled structure was replaced with stone by Ganapatideva, who died in 1262, and that his successors – Rudramadevi and Prataparudra – added to its height and added gateways, square bastions and additional circular earthern walls prior to the latter's death in 1323. This places the construction towards the end of the Kakatiya period. There were later modifications between the 15th and 17th centuries, comprising principally the addition of barbicans to the four gates in the stone wall and the creation of gates in the outer earthern wall.
Remnants of the structure can be seen today near to the town of Warangal, which was the Kakatiya capital. The Archaeological Survey of India has listed the remains as a Monument of National Importance.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Sardar, Marika (2007). Golconda Through Time: A Mirror of the Evolving Deccan. New York University. ProQuest. pp. 25–26. ISBN 9780549101192. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=q8zERtJWtSUC. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Chopra, Pran Nath; Puri, B. N.; Das, M. N. (2003). A Comprehensive History of India: Medieval India. Sterling Publishers. p. 41. ISBN 9788120725089. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Y7fUHMEDAyEC. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Andhra Pradesh". Archaeological Survey of India. http://asi.nic.in/asi_monu_alphalist_andhra.asp. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
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Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Michell, George (1992). "Town as Cosmogram: The Circular Plan of Warangal". pp. 1–18. Digital object identifier:10.1080/02666030.1992.9628439. (subscription required)
- Wagoner, Phillip B.; Rice, John Henry (2001). "From Delhi to the Deccan: Newly Discovered Tughluq Monuments at Warangal-Sult̤ānpur and the Beginnings of Indo-Islamic Architecture in Southern India". pp. 77–117. Digital object identifier:10.2307/3249963. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3249963. (subscription required)
- Sardara, Marika (2011). "The Early Foundations of Golconda and the Rise of Fortifications in the Fourteenth-Century Deccan". pp. 25–50. Digital object identifier:10.1080/02666030.2011.554267. (subscription required)
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