|Born||28 December 1895|
|Died||6 August 1976(aged 80)|
|Place of birth||Magdeburg, German Empire|
|Place of death||Munich, Germany|
German Empire (to 1918)|
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1914–1923, 1934–1944|
|Unit||Flieger-Abteilung (Flier Detachment) 33, Jagdstaffel 8|
|Commands held||II. Jagdkorps|
World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
|Other work||Heinkel chief test pilot|
Werner Junck (28 December 1895, Magdeburg, Germany – 6 August 1976, Munich, Germany) was a German World War II Luftwaffe Generalleutnant and the one time commander of Fliegerführer Irak. He claimed 5 aerial victories during World War I.
Early life through World War I[edit | edit source]
Werner Junck was born in Magdeburg, the Province of Saxony, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, on 28 December 1895. He was interested in aviation before World War I, and learned to fly in 1913. However, he entered military service as an artillery officer as World War I began. In 1916, he was posted to Flieger-Abteilung (Flier Detachment) 33 of the Die Fliegertruppen (the flying troops). In October 1916, as Die Fliegertruppen morphed into the Luftstreitkräfte, Junck was transferred to a fighter squadron, Jagdstaffel 8. He scored his first aerial victory on 24 April 1917, downing a 20 Squadron FE.2d east of Ypres. He rose to command of the jasta on 4 April 1918 and stayed with it through war's end. Junck would be wounded three times and shoot down four SPADs in northern France before the Armistice. His five victories made him an ace. His three wounds qualified him for a Silver Wound Badge, though there is no record it was awarded to him.
Interwar years[edit | edit source]
Werner Junck was one of the instructors at the secret Lipetsk Luftwaffe training site in the Soviet Union from 1925 to 1928. Junck also participated in the first, third and fourth FAI International Tourist Plane Contest Challenge 1929 (27th place) Challenge 1932 (14th place) and Challenge 1934 (6th place). In 1934, he joined the nascent Luftwaffe at the rank of major. By 1938-1939, he was an Oberstleutnant commanding Jagdgruppe 334.
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Iron Cross (1939) 2nd and 1st Class
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 June 1944 as Generalmajor and commanding general of the II. Jagdkorps
See also[edit | edit source]
Endnotes[edit | edit source]
- Obermaier 1989, p. 141.
- Franks et al 1993, p. 139.
- The Aerodrome website page on the Wound Badge
- Krzyżan 1988 ?page?
References[edit | edit source]
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
- Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W.; Guest, Russell (1993). Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Oxford:Grub Street. ISBN 0-948817-73-9, ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1.
- Krzyżan, Marian (1988). Międzynarodowe turnieje lotnicze 1929-1934. Warsaw: WKiŁ. ISBN 83-206-0637-3.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 - 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
[edit | edit source]
Oberst Bruno Loerzer
|Commander of Jagdgeschwader 53 Pik As
April, 1938 – September, 1939
Major Hans Klein
Generalmajor Bruno Loerzer
|Inspekteur der Jagdflieger
1 February 1939 – 4 June 1940
Generalmajor Kurt-Bertram von Döring
Oberst Gerd von Massow
|Commander of Jagdfliegerführer 3
5 June 1940 – 30 April 1941
Generalmajor Max Ibel
|Tactical Commander of Fliegerführer Irak
6 May 1941 – 29 May 1941
Generalmajor Carl-August Schumacher
|Commander of Jagdfliegerführer Deutsche Bucht
1 August 1941 – 31 March 1942
Generalmajor Hermann Frommherz
|Commander of 3. Jagd-Division
1 May 1942 – 15 September 1943
Generalleutnant Kurt-Bertram von Döring
Generalleutnant Joachim-Friedrich Huth
|Commander of 4. Jagd-Division
15 September 1943 – 30 September 1943
Oberst Carl Vieck
|Commander of II. Jagdkorps
15 September 1943 – 30 June 1944
General Alfred Bülowius
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