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West Nova Scotia Regiment
[[File:WestNSR|240x240px|frameless}}||alt=]]
Active 1717 - Present
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army-Primary Reserves
Type Line Infantry
Role Light Role
Size One Battalion
Part of Royal Canadian Infantry Corps
Motto(s) Semper Fidelis (Always Faithful)
March Quick - God Bless the Prince of Wales
Slow - Garb of Auld Gaul
Engagements Great War
World War II

The West Nova Scotia Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces, twenty fourth in the order of precedence. It has seen active service in both the Great War and World War II. The regiment recruits volunteers from all over the province of Nova Scotia and has its headquarters at LFAATC Aldershot, near the community of Aldershot, Nova Scotia. In 19 months of combat during WWII, the West Novas won 25 battle honors, more than any other infantry regiment from Canada.

Early historyEdit

The regiment was formed in 1936 by a merger of the 69th (Annapolis) Regiment, formed in 1717, and the 75th (Lunenburg) Regiment, formed in 1870. Both of these descend from the 40th Regiment of Foot (Prince of Wales Volunteers), raised in 1717 at Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia.[1] It also perpetuates the 112th and 219th Battalions of Infantry of the World War I Canadian Expeditionary Force. It can claim to be one of the oldest elements of the Canadian Forces.[1]

The Second World WarEdit

Part of a series on the
Military history of
Nova Scotia
Citadel hill
Events
Battle of Port Royal 1690
Conquest of Acadia 1710
Battle of Jeddore Harbour 1722
Northeast Coast Campaign 1745
Battle of Grand Pré 1747
Dartmouth Massacre 1751
Bay of Fundy Campaign 1755
Fall of Louisbourg 1758
Headquarters established for Royal Navy's North American Station 1758
Burying the Hatchet ceremony 1761
Battle of Fort Cumberland 1776
Raid on Lunenburg 1782
Halifax Impressment Riot 1805
Establishment of New Ireland 1812
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1813
Battle at the Great Redan 1855
Siege of Lucknow 1857
CSS Tallahassee Escape 1861
Departing Halifax for Northwest Rebellion 1885
Departing Halifax for the Boer War 1899
Imprisonment of Leon Trotsky 1917
Jewish Legion formed 1917
Sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle 1918
Battle of the St. Lawrence 1942–44
Sinking of SS Point Pleasant Park 1945
Halifax VE-Day Riot 1945
Walter Callow Wheelchair Bus established 1947
Notable military regiments
Mi'kmaq militias 1677-1779
Acadian militias 1689-1761
40th Regiment 1717-57
Troupes de la marine 1717-58
Gorham's Rangers 1744-62
Danks' Rangers 1756-62
84th Regiment of Foot 1775-84
Royal Fencible American 1775-83
Royal Nova Scotia Volunteers 1775-83
King's Orange Rangers 1776-83
1st Field Artillery 1791-present
Royal Nova Scotia 1793-1802
Nova Scotia Fencibles 1803-16
The Halifax Rifles (RCAC) 1860-present
The Princess Louise Fusiliers 1867-present
78th Highlanders 1869-71
Cape Breton Highlanders 1871-present
Nova Scotia Rifles 1914-19
No. 2 Construction Battalion 1916-19
West Nova Scotia 1916-present
The Nova Scotia Highlanders 1954-present
Other

The regiment was mobilized for service immediately at the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939. It had however virtually no equipment or transport, and though numerous volunteers rallied to its colours, it was some time before it was an effective fighting unit. Although the regiment soon transferred to Gourock in Scotland and then to Aldershot in England, it did not see active service until the Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943, Operation Husky.[1]

It was then involved in the battle for Italy for most of the rest of the war, until February 9, 1945, when they received orders informing them that the 1st Canadian Corps would be transferred from Italy to Northwest Europe. The regiment moved to Marseilles, France, by sea and arrived in the Netherlands where they remained until the German surrender on May 5, 1945.[1]

Post warEdit

The regiment has not been on active service since the Second World War, though units of it have served in United Nations peacekeeping forces, in countries such as the former Yugoslavia, Cyprus and the Middle East.[1]

Battle honoursEdit

First World War

  • Arras, 1917, '18
  • Amiens
  • Hill 70
  • Hindenburg Line
  • Ypres, 1917
  • Pursuit to Mons

Second World War

  • Landing in Sicili
  • Gustav Line
  • Valguarnera
  • Liri Valley
  • Adrano
  • Hitler Line
  • Catenanuova
  • Melfa Crossing
  • Centuripe
  • Gothic Line
  • Sicily, 1943
  • Lamone Crossing
  • Landing at Reggio
  • Rimini Line
  • Potenza
  • San Martino-San Lorenzo
  • Ganbatesa
  • San Fortunato
  • The Sangro
  • Savio Bridgehead
  • Castel di Sangro
  • Italy 1943-1945
  • The Gully
  • Apeldoorn
  • Cassino II
  • North-West Europe 1945

AlliancesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Thomas Radall. West Novas: A History of the West Nova Scotia Regiment

Order of precedenceEdit

Preceded by
The Royal New Brunswick Regiment
The West Nova Scotia Regiment Succeeded by
The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment

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