|Whitehead Mark 3 torpedo|
Mark 3 Whitehead torpedo fired from East Dock, Goat Island, Newport Torpedo Station, Rhode Island, 1894
|Type||Anti-surface ship torpedo|
|Place of origin||Austria-Hungary|
|Used by||United States Navy|
|Manufacturer|| Torpedofabrik Whitehead & Co.|
E. W. Bliss Company
|Length||140 inches (3.55 meters)|
|Diameter||17.7 inches (45 centimeters)|
|Effective range||800 yards|
|Warhead weight||118 pounds|
|War Nose Mk 1 contact exploder|
|battleships and torpedo boats|
The Whitehead Mark 3 torpedo was a Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role after the E. W. Bliss Company of Brooklyn, New York secured manufacturing rights in 1892. The primary difference between the Mark 3 and the previous versions of the 3.55-meter Whiteheads was the inclusion of the Obry steering gyro for azimuth control. This device reduced the maximum deviation right or left of the target from 24 to 8 yards. About 100 Mark 3s were purchased from the E. W. Bliss Company; in 1913, these were redesignated Torpedo Type A. These were withdrawn from service use in 1922 when all torpedoes designed before the Bliss-Leavitt Mark 7 torpedo were condemned.
The Mark 3 was ordinarily assembled into three sections: the warhead, the air flask and the after-body. The warhead's charge of wet guncotton weighed 118 pounds. The Mark 3 was what was known as a "cold-running" torpedo. The three-cylinder engine ran on cold, compressed air which was stored in the air flask. The after-body carried the engine and the tail, which contained the propellers. The Mark 3 was launched from battleships and torpedo boats.
- ↑ "Chronology: Torpedo in Word and Picture". http://www.muzej-rijeka.hr/torpedo/en/chronology.html. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- ↑ "United States of America Torpedoes Pre-World War II". http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WTUS_PreWWII.htm. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- ↑ Silverstone, Paul (2006). The New Navy, 1883-1922. Taylor & Francis Group. pp. xxiii. ISBN 0-415-97871-8. http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=5AoHOUZ0KzYC&pg=PR23&lpg=PR23&dq=Whitehead+mk+1&source=bl&ots=AbvTPxughx&sig=Bvds0YPquDUMtSY4XlAwHcp9WHs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wbuyUajaKuO1iAeEwICgDA&ved=0CFYQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Whitehead%20mk%201&f=false.
- ↑ The Whitehead Torpedo:. Bureau of Ordnance, United States Navy. 1898. http://hnsa.org/doc/whitehead/.
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