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Wilhelm-Ernst Freiherr von Cramm
Coat of Arms
Born (1917-09-30)30 September 1917
Died 29 May 1996(1996-05-29) (aged 78)
Place of birth Brüggen
Place of death Oelber am weißen Wege
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1936–1945
Rank Major
Commands held Divisions-Füsilier-Abteilung 58

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Relations Gottfried von Cramm
Other work politician

Wilhelm-Ernst August Bernhard Adolf Martin Freiherr von Cramm[Note 1] (30 September 1917 – 29 May 1996) was a highly decorated Major in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. After the war he became head of the German Party, a conservative German political party. His brother was Gottfried Freiherr von Cramm, a German amateur era tennis champion and twice French Open champion.

Early life and military career[edit | edit source]

Von Cramm was born on 30 September 1917 in Brüggen, in the former district of Alfeld of the Province of Hanover, a province of the Kingdom of Prussia. He was the son of Burghard Freiherr von Cramm (1874 – 1936), and his wife Jutta née von Steinberg (1885 – 1972). Von Cramm joined the military service of the Wehrmacht with 3. Schwadron/Kavallerie-Regiment 13 (3rd Squadron of the 13th Cavalry Regiment) on 4 December 1936, three months later on 2 February 1937 he transferred to the 2. Schwadron (2nd Squadron) of the same regiment.[1]

Awards and decorations[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Regarding personal names: Freiherr is a former title (translated as Baron), which is now legally a part of the last name. The female forms are Freifrau and Freiin.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Thomas and Wegmann 1998, p. 97.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Thomas and Wegmann 1998, p. 98.
  3. Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 76.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 155, 489.
  5. Scherzer 2007, p. 263.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. and Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941–1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall (in German). ISBN 3-931533-45-X.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Thomas, Franz and Wegmann, Günter (1998). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil III: Infanterie Band 4: C–Dow (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2534-0.

External links[edit | edit source]

Political offices
Preceded by
Herbert Schneider
National Chairman of the German Party
1962 – 1963
Succeeded by
Adolf Meyer-Ravenstein
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