|Birth name||Wilhelm Weiß|
|Born||March 31, 1892|
|Died||February 24, 1950(aged 57)|
|Place of birth||Stadtsteinach|
|Place of death||Wasserburg am Inn|
|Years of service||1930-45|
|Battles/wars||World War I, World War II|
Wilhelm Weiss (German Wilhelm Weiß) (31 March 1892 in Stadtsteinach – 24 February 1950 in Wasserburg am Inn) was, in the time of the Third Reich, an SA-Obergruppenführer as well as -in-chief of the NSDAP's official newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter
Early career[edit | edit source]
After finishing his studies at the Gymnasium in Munich, Weiß began a career as a soldier. By 1911 he was an ensign (Fahnenjunker) and by 1913 a lieutenant. During the First World War, Weiß was transferred in 1915 to the Airmen's Squad (Fliegertruppe). On one of his battle deployments, he was shot down, as a result of which he lost his left leg. Nonetheless, in 1917, he was promoted to Oberleutnant before being transferred to the Bavarian War Ministry in 1918, shortly before the war ended. In 1920, when it turned out that the Reichswehr, which was busy reconstituting itself, could no longer find a job for him, he was discharged with the rank of captain.
Already by 1919, Weiß had been busying himself as a member of the state leadership of the Bavarian Inhabitants' Defence (Einwohnerwehr), through which he was appointed editor of the magazine Heimatland (Homeland), a publication with strongly NSDAP leanings. Through his activities in the Bavarian War Ministry's press department, Weiß came to journalism after the First World War. He became involved early on in the völkisch movement and was a fervent devotee of Adolf Hitler's ideas. Before 1933, the year of the NSDAP's seizure of power, he was judicially sentenced many times for political misdeeds. However, after Hitler and the NSDAP had come to power, Weiß organized the "equalization" of the press, though he also saw to it that individual journalists could keep their jobs despite the Editor Law (Schriftleitergesetz). Weiß never questioned National Socialism.
NSDAP[edit | edit source]
Between 1924 and 1926, Weiß held a position as editor-in-chief of the Völkischer Kurier, until January 1927 when he became Office Chief at the editorial department of the Völkischer Beobachter (VB).
A military career advance came in 1930 when Weiß was appointed an SA-Oberführer on the Supreme SA Leadership's staff. At the same time, Weiß was given leadership of the SA press office. Besides his work on the VB, Weiß also functioned as editor-in-chief of the anti-Semitic magazine Brennessel ("Stinging Nettle"), and in 1932, he became leader of the Central Writing Leadership of the NSDAP's central publishing house. Only in 1933 did Weiß become acting editor-in-chief, and as of 1938 as Alfred Rosenberg's successor, fully-fledged editor-in-chief of the VB.
Further important functions bestowed upon Weiß between 1933 and 1945 were Leader of the Reich Association of the German Press, and in the same period Member of the Reichstag. Having been promoted to SA-Gruppenführer in February 1934, he functioned as of July in the same year as a member of the Volksgerichtshof. In 1935, Weiß became a member of the Reich Culture Senate, and in 1936 Main Office Leader (Hauptamtsleiter) in the NSDAP's Reich leadership. In 1937 came Weiß's promotion to SA-Obergruppenführer.
Post-War[edit | edit source]
In 1945, after the Second World War had ended, Weiß was interned, and on 15 July 1949 a Denazification court sentenced him to three years in a labour camp, confiscated 30% of his wealth, and placed a 10-year ban on his professional activities.
Shortly before he began his sentence, Wilhelm Weiß died, about a month short of his 58th birthday.
Books[edit | edit source]
- Wilhelm Weiss (editor). Der Krieg im Westen (War in the West). Dargestellt nach den Berichten des Völkischen Beobachters. 301 pp. Eher Verlag, 1940. This popular book went through 5 editions by 1942.
- Wilhelm Weiss (editor). Triumph der Kriegskunst (Triumph of the Art of War). Das Kriegsjahr 1940 in der Darstellung des "Völkischen Beobachters". With a contribution from Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring. Eher Verlag 1941. High ranking accounts of Norway and the Fall of France; contributors include Kesselring, Todt, Prentzel, Lutzow and others.
- Wilhelm Weiss; Wilhelm Stuckart; Walter Buch; and others. Illustrierter Beobachter. Adolf Hitler - Ein Mann und sein Volk. Verlag Franz Eher Nachf., Munich (1936). This book is profusely Illustrated with reproductions of photos of Hitler from 1916 through 1936. It includes considerable text submitted by many prominent contributors in addition to Weiss and others listed.
References[edit | edit source]
- Lisa Pine. Hitler's 'National Community': Society and Culture in Nazi Germany.Bloomsbury Academic; 2 edition (January 12, 2017)
- Paul Hoser: Bayern und Reich. Deutsche Wochenschrift. In: Historisches Lexikon Bayerns. Abgerufen am 18. Juni 2007.
- Oron James Hale. The Captive Press in the Third Reich. Princeton University Press. 1964 p 33
- Lars Jockheck. Der "Völkische Beobachter" über Polen 1932-1934: eine Fallstudie zum Übergang vom "Kampfblatt" zur "Regierungszeitung" LIT Verlag Münster January 1, 1999
- Henning Storek. Dirigierte Öffentlichkeit: Die Zeitung als Herrschaftsmittel in den Anfangsjahren der nationalsozialistischen Regierung. Springer-Verlag. March 8, 2013
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