William Barnes Wollen (1857–1936) was an English painter mostly known for his paintings of battle and historical scenes and sporting events.
Career[edit | edit source]
Born in Leipzig on 6 October 1857, he was educated at University College School, London from 1871–73 and also at the Slade School. From 1879 until 1922, he exhibited pictures at the Royal Academy, National Watercolour Society and elsewhere. His first picture exhibited at the Royal Academy was entitled "Football" but he followed this up with his first military painting in 1881 entitled "The rescue of Private Andrews by Captain Garnet J. Wolseley, H.M. 90th L.I. at the storming of the Motee Mahail, Lucknow". He was elected a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours in 1888.
In 1900, he was commissioned by the new illustrated weekly newspaper, The Sphere to act as one of its special artists in South Africa to cover the Boer War. He experiences during this war resulted in several paintings including "The Imperial Light Horse at Waggon Hill, January 6, 1900", "The Victoria Cross", and "The 1st Battalion South Lancashire Regiment storming the Boer trenches at Pieter's Hill". The artist also exhibited several scenes during and shortly after the World War I depicting that conflict.
Paintings[edit | edit source]
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- News (Trooper, 1645) (National Army Museum)
- Sergeant Ewart capturing the Eagle of the 45th (National War Museum, Edinburgh)
- The Black Watch (42nd Highlanders_ at Bay, Quatre Bras (1894 - Black Watch Museum, Perth)
- The Battle of Abu Klea, 1885 (1896 - National Army Museum)
- Charge of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons at the Battle of Tournay (1897 - Royal Dragoon Guards)
- The Last Stand of the 44th Regiment at Gundamuck, 1842 (1898 - Essex Regiment Association, on loan National Army Museum
- The 21st (Empress of India's) Lancers at Omdurman (1899 - Staff College, Camberley)
- The Victoria Cross (Colesburg, South Africa, 1900) (1901 - Durban Art Museum)
- The Imperial Light Horse at Elandslaagte (1902 - Light Horse Regiment Association, Johannesburg, on loan Africana Museum)
- The 1st Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment storming the Boer Trenches at Pieter's Hill (1903 - Queen's Lancashire Regiment)
- Guardians of the Law (English dragoons in Scotland) (Nuneaton Museum and Art Gallery)
- Ambushed (English cavalry on road, 18th century) (1907 - Sunderland Art Gallery)
- Britain's Watchdogs, 1805 (Napoleon with officers on coast) (1909 - Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield)
- The First Fight for Independence, Lexington Common, April 19, 1775 (1910 - National Army Museum)
- The Flag, Albuera, May 16, 1811 (1912 - National Army Museum)
- Landrecies, 25 August 1914 (1915 - National Army Museum
- Defeat of the Prussian Guard, Ypres, 1914 (1915 - Royal Green Jackets)
- The Canadians at Ypres (1915 - Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, Calgary)
- The London Territorials at Pozieres (1917 - National Army Museum
- A Canadian Battalion capturing a German Trench at Vimy (1917 - Royal Canadian Military Institute)
- Semper Fidelis: The last stand of the 2nd Devons at Bois des Buttes, May 27, 1918 (1920 - Devon and Dorset Regiment)
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Written works[edit | edit source]
- Wollen, W.B., "Christmas at the Front: A reminiscence of Christmas at Modder River," Cassell's Magazine, Dec. 1900-May 1901, pp. 112–115.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Harrington, Peter. (1993). British Artists and War: The Face of Battle in Paintings and Prints, 1700-1914. London: Greenhill.
- "War Pictures. How they are painted," The Regiment, 15 February 1902, pp. 308–309.
Notes and references[edit | edit source]
- Formerly Buffs Regimental Museum, City Art Gallery, Canterbury.
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