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William Montgomery Churchwell
Member of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
Preceded by Josiah M. Anderson
Succeeded by Samuel A. Smith
Member of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Preceded by Albert G. Watkins
Succeeded by William H. Sneed
Personal details
Born (1826-02-20)February 20, 1826
Knox County
Died August 18, 1862(1862-08-18) (aged 36)
Knoxville, Tennessee
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Martha Eleanor Deery Churchwell
Alma mater Emory and Henry College, Virginia
Profession lawyer, politician, judge, ambassador
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–1862
Rank Confederate States of America Colonel.png Colonel (CSA)
Commands 34th Tennessee Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

William Montgomery Churchwell was an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives. He also served as Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Churchwell was born near Knoxville, Tennessee in Knox County on February 20, 1826. He attended private schools and Emory and Henry College in Emory, Virginia from 1840 to 1843. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Knoxville.[1] He married Martha Eleanor Deery.

Career[edit | edit source]

Churchwell served as one of the judges for Knox County. He was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-second Congress by Tennessee's 3rd congressional district, and then by Tennessee's 2nd congressional district to the Thirty-third Congress after Tennessee had lost a district through reapportionment. He served from March 4, 1851 to March 3, 1853 for the 3rd district, and from March 4, 1853 to March 3, 1855 for the 2nd district. As of 2016, he is the last democrat to represent the Tennessee 2nd District.[2] During the Thirty-third Congress, he was the chairman of the United States House Committee on Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims.

Churchwell was later a provost marshal for the district of east Tennessee. During the administration of President Buchanan, he was sent on a secret mission to Mexico. He served in the Confederate states Army as colonel of the 34th Tennessee Infantry Regiment (4th Provisional Tennessee Infantry) during the American Civil War.

Death[edit | edit source]

Churchwell died in Knoxville, Tennessee on August 18, 1862 (age 36 years, 179 days). He is interred at Old Gray Cemetery.[3]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "William Montgomery Churchwell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000393. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  2. "William Montgomery Churchwell". Govtrack US Congress. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/william_churchwell/402532. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  3. "William Montgomery Churchwell". The Political Graveyard. http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/churchwell-ciro.html. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 

External links[edit | edit source]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Josiah M. Anderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Samuel A. Smith
Preceded by
Albert G. Watkins
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
William H. Sneed
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John Forsyth Jr.
U.S. Minister to Mexico
Succeeded by
Alfred Mordecai

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