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Wilmon W. Blackmar
Born (1841-07-25)July 25, 1841
Died July 16, 1905(1905-07-16) (aged 63)
Place of birth Bristol, Pennsylvania
Place of death Boise, Idaho
Buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Dorchester, Massachusetts
Allegiance US flag 34 stars.svg United States of America
Service/branch U.S. Army
Years of service 1861 to July 8, 1865
Rank Lieutenant
Unit West Virginia Company H, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
Battles/wars Battle of Five Forks
Awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor

Lieutenant Wilmon W. Blackmar (July 25, 1841 to July 16, 1905) was an American soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Blackmar received the country's highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, for his action during the Battle of Five Forks in Virginia on 1 April 1865.[1] He was honored with the award on 23 October 1897.[2]

BiographyEdit

Blackmar was born in Bristol, Pennsylvania. He enlisted into the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry in 1861 and participated in various endeavors in the Western Army and in the Army of the Potomac. After his involvement in the Battle of Antietam he was successively promoted to Corporal and then first lieutenant in charge of Company H of the 1st West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry. It was during this time, on 1 April 1865, that he formed a line and charged into the Confederate forces, causing them to disperse. For this act he was awarded the Medal of Honor.[3]

Blackmar mustered out of the army at the conclusion of the war and went out to study law at the Harvard Law School. He served as a lawyer and then, upon retirement, as judge advocate to several Massachusetts governors.[4] He was later elected Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic in 1904 and died in office on 16 July 1905.[3] His remains are interred at the Cedar Grove Cemetery in Dorchester, Massachusetts.[4]

Medal of Honor citationEdit

At a critical stage of the battle, without orders, led a successful advance upon the enemy.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Blackmar, Wilmon W.". http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/108/blackmar-wilmon-w.php. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Civil War (A-L) Medal of Honor Recipients". http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gilman, Mary L. (July 16, 1905). "In Memoriam: General Wilmon W. Blackmar, Commander-in-Chief, Grand Army of the Republic, Died in Office at Boise Idaho". Twenty-third National Convention of the Woman's Relief Corps, September 7 and 8, 1905, Denver, Colorado. Journal of the Woman's Relief Corps. pp. 230–235. http://suvcw.org/garcinc/wwblackmar.htm. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Wilmon W. Blackmar, Captain, Company "H"". Denver, Colorado. 7–8 September 1905. http://www.lindapages.com/wvcw/1wvc/1wvc-blackmar.htm. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 

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