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Wolfgang Ewald
Born (1911-03-26)March 26, 1911
Died 24 February 1995(1995-02-24) (aged 83)
Place of birth Hamburg
Place of death Leonberg
Allegiance  Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch Heer (?–1935)
Luftwaffe (1935–1945)
Years of service 1935–1945
1956–?
Rank Major (Wehrmacht)
Oberstleutnant (Bundeswehr)
Unit Condor Legion
JG 3
JG 52
Commands held I./JG 52
III./JG 3
Battles/wars

Spanish Civil War
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Wolfgang Ewald (26 March 1911 – 24 February 1995) was a German Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

One of the most enduring actions Ewald took part in was a strafing attack on RAF Manston during the Battle of Britain. The attack took place on 18 August 1940, known as The Hardest Day. Three fighters were destroyed, and six were damaged in the attack. Wolfgang Ewald was shot down by Soviet flak in July 1943 during the Battle of Kursk. He was taken prisoner and was held until 1949. During his career was credited with 78 aerial victories, 1 in the Spanish Civil War, 1 on the Western Front and 76 on the Eastern Front.

Awards[]

References[]

Citations
  1. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 148.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939–1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. and Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941–1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II. Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 3-931533-45-X.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 0-8041-1696-2.

External links[]

Military offices
Preceded by
Hauptmann Siegfried von Eschwege
Commander of I. Jagdgeschwader 52
27 August 1940 – 24 May 1941
Succeeded by
Hauptmann Karl-Heinz Leesmann
Preceded by
Major Karl-Heinz Greisert
Commander of III. Jagdgeschwader 3
23 July 1942 – 20 July 1943
Succeeded by
Major Walther Dahl


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