The castle was erected by the Bishop of Winchester Henry of Blois between 1130 and 1140. It was the scene for the Rout of Winchester in which the Empress Matilda assaulted the Bishop Henry in 1141, during a period known as The Anarchy. The besieged defenders of Wolvesey set fire to the city, destroying most of the old town of Winchester and holding off Empress Matilda's forces until Stephen's wife, Matilda, arrived with re-enforcements from London.
It was once a very important building, and was the location on 25 July 1554 of the wedding breakfast of Queen Mary and Philip II of Spain. The castle was destroyed by Roundheads during the English Civil War in 1646.
The chapel is the only considerable remnant of the south range of the castle, and is still in use, being attached to the palace.
A palace was built on the same site by Christopher Wren for Bishop Morley in 1684.
The extensive surviving ruins are currently owned and maintained by English Heritage. The castle has had Grade I listed status since 24 March 1950, as has the palace located on the same site.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wolvesey Castle.|
- "Wolvesey Castle (Old Bishop's Palace)". English Heritage. http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/daysout/properties/wolvesey-castle-old-bishops-palace/. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
- Lorimer Poultney, ed (2000). Three Palaces of the Bishops of Winchester. English Heritage.
- English Heritage. "National Heritage List for England". http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1095511.
- English Heritage. "National Heritage List for England". http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1095510.
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