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Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery located in Arlington County, Virginia near The Pentagon and directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial. The cemetery has graves for thousands of casualties and deceased veterans of the nation's conflicts, beginning with the American Civil War but includes reinterred dead from earlier wars as well. It was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, which had been the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee (a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington).

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

Recipients[edit | edit source]

Image Name Service Rank Death date Burial location Comments
Anderson, Beauford T.Beauford T. Anderson Army Technical Sergeant 7 Nov 1996 Section 44, Grave 292 Risked his life to save several of his fellow soldiers and repel an enemy attack single-handedly.
Head of a middle-aged man wearing a light-colored jacket with stripes and a star on shoulderboards, a dark colored tie, and a peaked cap with decorative leaves on the visor. Antrim, Richard N.Richard N. Antrim Navy Lieutenant March 7, 1969 Section 35, Grave 2613 During the early part of his imprisonment at Makassar in April 1942, he saw a Japanese guard brutally beating a fellow prisoner of war and successfully intervened, at great risk to his own life. For his conspicuous act of valor, Antrim later received the Medal of Honor.
Head and shoulders of a black man with full cheeks in military uniform. Rows of ribbon bars are on his left breast and his lapels and garrison cap are adorned with pins and badges. Baker, Vernon J.Vernon J. Baker Army Second Lieutenant July 13, 2010 Section 59, Grave 4408 Demonstrated outstanding courage and leadership in destroying enemy installations, personnel and equipment during his company's attack against a strongly entrenched enemy in mountainous terrain. One of seven African American soldiers who received their medals belatedly, after a 1993 study revealed discrimination that caused them to be overlooked at the time.
Head of a young white man in a plain dark jacket with a star-shaped medal hanging from a ribbon around his neck. His garrison cap is tilted to the side and has a single round pin on its side. Basilone, JohnJohn Basilone Marine Corps Sergeant February 19, 1945 Section 12, Grave 384 On the night of October 24–25, 1942 his unit engaged the Japanese in the Lunga area when their position came under attack by a regiment of approximately 3,000 soldiers. The Japanese forces began a frontal attack using machine guns, grenades and mortars against the American heavy machine guns. Basilone commanded two sections of machine guns that fought for the next 48 hours until only Basilone and two other men were still able to continue fighting. Basilone moved an extra gun into position and maintained continual fire against the incoming Japanese forces. He repaired another machine-gun and personally manned it, holding the defensive line until replacements arrived. With the continuous fighting, ammunition became critically low and supply lines were cut off. Basilone fought through hostile lines and returned with urgently needed ammunition for his gunners. He was killed on Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945. He was the first Enlisted Marine to receive The Medal of Honor, Purple Heart, and The Navy Cross.
Bell, Bernard P.Bernard P. Bell Army Technical Sergeant January 8, 1971 Section 25, Site 3840 By his intrepidity and bold, aggressive leadership, T/Sgt. Bell enabled his 8-man squad to drive back approximately 150 of the enemy, killing at least 87 and capturing 42. Personally, he killed more than 20 and captured 33 prisoners.
Head of a squinting man wearing a shirt unbuttoned at the collar and a cloth aviator's cap with headphones built into the ear flaps, an unbuckled chin strap, and goggles pushed up onto his forehead. Boyington, PappyPappy Boyington Marine Corps Major January 11, 1988 Section 7A, Grave 150 Fighter pilot with 26 victories.
Brown, Bobbie E.Bobbie E. Brown Army Captain November 8, 1971 Section 46, Grave 1021-17
Head and torso of an elderly white man, in front of an American flag, with his hands folded and resting on a table in front of him. He is wearing a white jacket with a row of medals hanging from ribbons and a winged pin on his left breast, gold shoulder-boards, and a star-shaped medal hanging from a light blue ribbon around his neck. His peaked cap is white with a black visor decorated with gold leaves, a gold band around the brim, and an eagle-anchors-and-shield emblem on the front. Bulkeley, John D.John D. Bulkeley Navy Lieutenant Commander April 6, 1996 Section 5, Grave 129-9
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged white man with a round face wearing a garrison cap and a jacket with four rows of ribbon bars on the left breast and pins on both the lapels and on the collar of the undershirt. Chambers, Justice M.Justice M. Chambers Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel July 29, 1982 Section 6, Grave 5813-A-9
75px Davila, Rudolph B.Rudolph B. Davila Army Staff Sergeant January 26, 2002 Section 67, Grave 3458 One of 22 Asian American soldiers who received their medals in 2000, after a study revealed discrimination that caused them to be overlooked at the time.
Davis, Charles W.Charles W. Davis Army Captain January 18, 1991 Section 7A, Lot 170
Head and shoulders of a balding middle-aged white man wearing a light-colored military jacket with three stars on the shoulder and four rows of ribbon bars and a winged pin on the left breast. Doolittle, JimmyJimmy Doolittle Army Air Forces Lieutenant Colonel September 27, 1993 Section 7A, Grave 110 For leading the Doolittle Raid over the Japanese mainland.
EdsonMikeRed.jpg Edson, Merritt A.Merritt A. Edson Marine Corps Colonel August 14, 1955 Section 2, Lot 4960-2
Elrod HT USMC.jpg Elrod, Henry T.Henry T. Elrod Marine Corps Captain December 23, 1941 Section 12, Grave 3246
Everhart, Forrest E.Forrest E. Everhart Army Technical Sergeant August 30, 1986 Section 60, Grave 7516
Fisher, Almond E.Almond E. Fisher Army Second Lieutenant January 7, 1982 Section 6, Grave 8751-2
Joe Foss DM-SD-03-09574.JPG Foss, Joseph J.Joseph J. Foss Marine Corps Captain January 1, 2003 Section 7A, Grave 162 For shooting down 26 aircraft as leader of the Flying Circus. Later became a Governor of South Dakota. First commissioner of the American Football League.
Gerstung, Robert E.Robert E. Gerstung Army Technical Sergeant June 17, 1979 Section 66, Grave 6152
Funk, Jr., Leonard A.Leonard A. Funk, Jr. Army First Sergeant November 20, 1992 Section 35, Grave 2373-4
Samuel G Fuqua.jpg Fuqua, Samuel G.Samuel G. Fuqua Navy Lieutenant Commander January 27, 1987 Section 59, lot 485 For heroism aboard the USS Arizona.
Horner, Freeman V.Freeman V. Horner Army Staff Sergeant
Col James H Howard.jpg Howard, James H.James H. Howard Army Air Forces Major Was the only fighter pilot in the European Theater of Operations in World War II to receive the Medal of Honor
Jacobson DT.jpg Jacobson, Douglas T.Douglas T. Jacobson Marine Corps Private First Class
Leon W Johnson.jpg Johnson, Leon W.Leon W. Johnson Army Air Forces Colonel
Kane, John R.John R. Kane Army Air Forces Colonel
75px Kelly, Thomas J.Thomas J. Kelly Army Corporal
Kingsley, David R.David R. Kingsley Army Air Forces Second Lieutenant
Leims JH USMC.jpg Leims, John H.John H. Leims Marine Corps Second Lieutenant
MacGillivary, Charles A.Charles A. MacGillivary Army Sergeant Immigrant from Canada.
David McCampbell.jpg McCampbell, DavidDavid McCampbell Navy Commander Top Navy flying ace. 34 kills.
Mccarthy(medal of honor).jpg McCarthy, Joseph J.Joseph J. McCarthy Marine Corps Captain
Cadet Thomas B. McGuire.jpg McGuire, Jr., Thomas B.Thomas B. McGuire, Jr. Army Air Forces Major The second leading air ace in World War II before being killed in action in January 1945. McGuire Air Force Base is named for him.
Meagher, John W.John W. Meagher Army Technical Sergeant
75px Morgan, John C.John C. Morgan Army Air Forces Second Lieutenant
Audie Murphy uniform medals.jpg Murphy, Audie L.Audie L. Murphy Army Second Lieutenant Highest number of decorations for US combatant.

Second Lt. Murphy commanded Company B, which was attacked by six tanks and waves of infantry. 2d Lt. Murphy ordered his men to withdraw to a prepared position in a woods, while he remained forward at his command post and continued to give fire directions to the artillery by telephone. Behind him, to his right, one of the tank destroyers received a direct hit and began to burn. Its crew withdrew to the woods. 2d Lt. Murphy continued to direct artillery fire, which killed large numbers of the advancing enemy infantry. With the enemy tanks abreast of his position, 2d Lt. Murphy climbed on the burning tank destroyer, which was in danger of blowing up at any moment, and employed its .50 caliber machine gun against the enemy. He was alone and exposed to German fire from three sides, but his deadly fire killed dozens of Germans and caused their infantry attack to waver. The enemy tanks, losing infantry support, began to fall back. For an hour the Germans tried every available weapon to eliminate 2d Lt. Murphy, but he continued to hold his position and wiped out a squad that was trying to creep up unnoticed on his right flank. Germans reached as close as 10 yards, only to be mowed down by his fire. He received a leg wound, but ignored it and continued his single-handed fight until his ammunition was exhausted. He then made his way back to his company, refused medical attention, and organized the company in a counterattack, which forced the Germans to withdraw. His directing of artillery fire wiped out many of the enemy; he killed or wounded about 50. 2d Lt. Murphy's indomitable courage and his refusal to give an inch of ground saved his company from possible encirclement and destruction, and enabled it to hold the woods which had been the enemy's objective

Head and shoulders of an elderly white man with a round face, wearing a tuxedo with military medals pinned to the chest and one medal hanging from a light blue ribbon around his neck. Murray, Jr., Charles P.Charles P. Murray, Jr. Army First Lieutenant
Ogden, Carlos C.Carlos C. Ogden Army First Lieutenant
RichardOKane.jpg Okane, Richard H.Richard H. O'Kane Navy Commander For submarine operations against two Japanese convoys.
Pharris, Jackson C.Jackson C. Pharris Navy Gunner
Pope EP.jpg Pope, Everett P.Everett P. Pope Marine Corps Captain
Arthur Murray Preston.JPG Preston, Arthur M.Arthur M. Preston Navy Lieutenant
AdmiralRamage thumb.jpg Ramage, Lawson P.Lawson P. Ramage Navy Commander Sunk enemy ships in gallant action.
Roeder, Robert E.Robert E. Roeder Army Captain
Schonland, Herbert E.Herbert E. Schonland Navy Commander Took command of USS San Francisco after captain had been killed, fought ship and led her to safety.
GenDMShoup USMC.jpg Shoup, David M.David M. Shoup Marine Corps Colonel Wrote battle plan for Tarawa assault, directed assault from trench on Betio beach as first waves came ashore.Twenty-second Commandant of the United States Marine Corps (January 1, 1960 – December 31, 1963)
Sigler FE.jpg Sigler, Franklin E.Franklin E. Sigler Marine Corps Private
Silk, Edward A.Edward A. Silk Army First Lieutenant
Skaggs L.jpg Skaggs, Jr., LutherLuther Skaggs, Jr. Marine Corps Private First Class
John L. Smith USMC Fighter Ace.JPEG Smith, John L.John L. Smith Marine Corps Major
Street, III, George L.George L. Street, III Navy Lieutenant Commander For torpedoing three enemy ships while captain of USS Triante.
Thomason C.jpg Thomason, Clyde A.Clyde A. Thomason Marine Corps Sergeant
Tominac, John J.John J. Tominac Army First Lieutenant
Urban, MattMatt Urban Army Captain March 4, 1995 Section 7a, Grave 40 For bravery as a company commander during combat operations.
AAVandegrift.jpg Vandegrift, Alexander A.Alexander A. Vandegrift Marine Corps Major General Later became the 18th Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Jonathan Wainright.jpg Wainwright, IV, Jonathan M.Jonathan M. Wainwright, IV Army Lieutenant General
Walsh KA.jpg Walsh, Kenneth A.Kenneth A. Walsh Marine Corps First Lieutenant
Walsh WG.jpg Walsh, William G.William G. Walsh Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant
Keith Ware.jpg Ware, Keith L.Keith L. Ware Army Lieutenant Colonel
Whittington, Hulon B.Hulon B. Whittington Army Sergeant
Wigle, Thomas W.Thomas W. Wigle Army Second Lieutenant
GEN Wilson, Louis Hugh Jr..jpg Wilson, Jr., Louis H.Louis H. Wilson, Jr. Marine Corps Captain Later Became Commandant of the Marine Corps
Head and shoulders of a man with wavy hair wearing a military jacket with rows of ribbon bars and a winged pin on his left breast, pins on the lapels, and a star-shaped medal hanging from a ribbon around his neck. Zeamer, Jr., JayJay Zeamer, Jr. Army Air Forces Captain March 22, 2007 Section 34, Site 809-4 Volunteered as pilot of a bomber on an important photographic mapping mission covering the formidably defended area in the vicinity of Buka, Solomon Islands

Notes[edit | edit source]


References[edit | edit source]

  1. "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010. 

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

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