Military Wiki

The World War II Prisoner of War camp on the Gettysburg Battlefield operated from June 29, 1945,[1]:d through April 1946[2] at the former site of the McMillan Woods CCC camp.[3] The camp consolidated prisoners of war from the Gettysburg Armory on Seminary Ridge (100 POWs on September 16, 1944) and those from the 400 ft × 600 ft (120 m × 180 m) stockade on the Emmitsburg Road (350 prisoners)[4] at the former World War I Camp Colt site. On January 22, 1945, the U.S. Employment Service began using Gettysburg POWs for pulpwood cutting,[5] and in June the camp opened with 500 German POWs[1]:d (932 by July),[6] POW employment ended February 23, 1946; and by April 13, 1946, only guards remained at the POW Camp[6] (guards had numbered as high as 50.)[2] The last commander was Captain James W Copley,[5] and before the camp was opened, Captain Lawrence Thomas had been the commander of both Gettysburg facilities and the Camp Michaux interrogation facility near Pine Grove Furnace State Park.[2]

Another article from the Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 10 Feb 1945, Sat Page 1 "Naxi Prisoners from Camp Here Cutting Wood" details how about 160 POW's fromt he Gettysburg Camp were being transported to and from the forests to work an 8 hour day cutting pulpwood.  The "Gettysburg" camp's proper name was "camp in MacMillan woods: and had the same commander as the Michaux camp. See Camp list.


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Gettysburg Times Archives". Times and News Publishing Company. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
    c. "Tells How War Prisoners Are Treated Here" (Google News Archive--transcript available at GDG.). July 14, 1944.,1755612&dq=tells-how-war-prisoners-are-treated&hl=en. Retrieved 2011-06-18. ""The Prisoners Are Not Hard to Handle""  (commandant Capt Laurence Thomas, Third Service Command)
    d. "Out of the Past: 50 Years Ago" (Google News Archive). June 29, 1995.,3181343&dq=camp-sharpe. Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Atkins, Elizabeth (2008). …Cultural Views of German Prisoners of War and Their Captors … Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (Master of Arts in History thesis). Bowling Green State University. pp. 12, 27. Retrieved 2010-01-31.  NOTE:: Atkins specifically identifies the POW camp was at former CCC camp "NP-2", but repeatedly uses the inaccurate name "Camp Sharpe" which had been at the former CCC camp NP-1 in Pitzer Woods.[1]
  3. "Fire Company Has Trouble With Truck" (Google News Archive). Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. October 19, 1946.,2234355&dq=camp-sharpe+gettysburg. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  4. "May Keep 200 Prisoners for Winter Season" (Google News Archive). September 16, 1944.,4978302&dq=camp-sharpe. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Staying at some camps wasn't fun and games" (Google News Archive). January 12, 2007.,1121251&dq=prisoner-of-war+1945+gettysburg&hl=en. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Says PW Labor here Big Help in Processing Food for War" (Google News Archive). dateTBD.,4746804&dq=camp-sharpe+prisoner-of-war+1945&hl=en. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).