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Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery located in Arlington County, Virginia near The Pentagon and directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial. The cemetery has graves for thousands of casualties and deceased veterans of the nation's conflicts, beginning with the American Civil War but includes reinterred dead from earlier wars as well. It was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, which had been the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee (a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington).

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

Recipients[edit | edit source]

Image Name Service Rank Death date Burial location Comments
JoelTBoone.jpg Boone, Joel T.Joel T. Boone Navy O-03Lieutenant April 2, 1974 Section 11 Exposed himself to intense fire in order to treat the wounded and bring in supplies
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged white man in a suit and striped tie. Bronson, DemingDeming Bronson Army O-02First Lieutenant May 29, 1957 Section 30, Lot 500 Continued to fight although suffering from severe wounds
Head of a young man with full cheeks wearing a military peaked cap and looking off into the distance. Cann, Tedford H.Tedford H. Cann Navy E-03Seaman January 26, 1963 Section 7, Lot 10118-SS Dove into a flooded compartment to find and plug a leak which threatened his ship
Head and torso of a man with neatly combed hair and a toothbrush mustache. He is wearing a dressy military uniform with an array of medals on his chest, a medal tightly around his neck, and shoulder cords. Cukela, LouisLouis Cukela Marine Corps E-05Sergeant March 19, 1956 Section 1, Site 427-A Single-handedly attacked and captured a German strongpoint[n 1]
Head and shoulders of a young man in a brown military uniform with a garrison cap. A medal hangs down from his neck, the strap lying under his collar, and two medals hang from colorful ribbons on his chest. Dilboy, GeorgeGeorge Dilboy Army E-02Private First Class July 18, 1918 Section 18 Mortally wounded while single-handedly attacking and silencing a machine gun position
Head and shoulders of an older man with neatly combed and parted gray hair wearing a suit and tie. Donovan, William J.William J. Donovan Army O-05Lieutenant Colonel February 8, 1959 Section 2 Exposed himself to fire in order to lead and organize his men, remained with them after being wounded. The only person to have received the four highest awards in the United States: the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal, and the National Security Medal.[2]
Sgt. Alan Louis Eggers Eggers, Alan L.Alan L. Eggers Army E-05Sergeant October 3, 1968 Section 2, Lot 3389-A With J.C. Latham and Thomas E. O'Shea, rescued the crew of a disabled tank and protected them from attack all day
Ellis, Michael B.Michael B. Ellis Army E-05Sergeant December 9, 1937 Section 6, Grave 9520 Single-handedly attacked and captured several German positions[3]
A black and white headshot of Hayden in his military dress uniform without a hat and smiling. Hayden, David E.David E. Hayden Navy E-03Hospital Apprentice First Class March 18, 1974 Section 35, Lot 1864 Reached a wounded man, treated him, and carried him to safety despite intense fire[4][5]
Hays, George P.George P. Hays Army O-02First Lieutenant August 7, 1978 Carried messages through heavy fire
Head and shoulders of a young white man with a cleft chin and neatly combed hair parted at the side. He is wearing a dark, heavy, pea coat with military shoulder straps. Izac, Edouard V. M.Edouard V. M. Izac Navy O-03Lieutenant January 18, 1990 Section 3, lot 4222-1 Gathered intellegience while a prisoner of war, escaped and brought the information to the Allies
Head and shoulders of a young black man in military uniform with a a hat and looking staight ahead Johnson, HenryHenry Johnson Army E-05Sergeant July 1, 1929 Section 25, Site 64 [6]
published headshot Latham, John C.John C. Latham Army E-05Sergeant November 5, 1975 Section 35, grave 1127 With Alan L. Eggers and Thomas E. O'Shea, rescued the crew of a disabled tank and protected them from attack all day
Loman, BergerBerger Loman Army E-01Private May 9, 1968 Section 37, lot 4909 Single-handedly attacked and captured a machine gun
Alexander Gordon Lyle.jpg Lyle, Alexander G.Alexander G. Lyle Navy O-04Lieutenant Commander July 15, 1955 Section 2, lot 1114-1 Exposed himself to hostile fire to treat a wounded man
PatrickMcgunigal.jpg McGunigal, PatrickPatrick McGunigal Navy E-06Shipfitter First Class January 19, 1936 Section 6, lot 8674 Rescued the pilot of a crashed observation balloon
Morelock, Sterling L.Sterling L. Morelock Army E-01Private September 1, 1964 Section 35, lot 1824 Led a small group in capturing a series of machine gun nests and then treated the wounded
Head and shoulders of a clean cut man in military uniform with four medals hanging from ribbons on his chest and a garrison cap. Pope, Thomas A.Thomas A. Pope Army E-04Corporal June 14, 1989 Section 35, lot 3157 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a machine gun nest
Head and shoulders of a square-jawed young man with short, light, hair, which stands straight up in the front. He is wearing a military jacket with breast pockets and a row of buttons down the center. Pruitt, John H.John H. Pruitt Marine Corps E-04Corporal October 4, 1918 Section 18, lot 245-3 Single-handedly captured two machine guns and forty prisoners[n 1]
Gunnery Sergeant Robert G. Robinson, USMC.jpg Robinson, Robert G.Robert G. Robinson Marine Corps E-07Gunnery Sergeant October 5, 1974 Section 46, Lot 390 Continued to fire his weapon after being severely wounded in an aerial battle against twelve German planes
Head of a man wearing a dark jacket and tie and a peaked cap with an anchor and "USN" emblem on the front. Schmidt, Jr., OscarOscar Schmidt, Jr. Navy E-07Chief Gunner's Mate March 24, 1973 Rescued a wounded man from the water and attempted to rescue another
Head and shoulders of a young man in a military uniform with an array of medals on his chest and a garrison cap with a "US" button. Slack, Clayton K.Clayton K. Slack Army E-01Private March 1, 1976 Section 34, lot 59 Single-handedly attacked and captured a group of German soldiers
A seated man, his hands folded and resting on his knee, in military uniform with stripes on his sleeve near the wrist, oak leaf and anchor emblems on his collar, and a peaked cap. Sullivan, Daniel A. J.Daniel A. J. Sullivan Naval Reserve O-01Ensign January 27, 1941 Section 8, Lot 5327-A Secured a group of live depth charges[7]
Upton, Frank M.Frank M. Upton Navy O-01Ensign June 25, 1962 Section 8, lot 55-A Dove overboard and rescued a man who was surrounded by boxes of explosives[8][9]
Van Iersel, Ludovicus M. M.Ludovicus M. M. Van Iersel Army E-05Sergeant 9 June 1987 Section 42, Lot 1770 Under heavy fire, reconnoitered a damaged bridge and swam the river to investigate German positions[10]
Head and shoulders of a man in military uniform wearing the Medal of Honor. Woodfill, SamuelSamuel Woodfill Army O-02First Lieutenant August 10, 1951 Section 34, Grave 642 Supported by his company, attacked and silenced three machine gun nests[11]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Received both the Army and Navy versions of the Medal of Honor for the same action; one of nineteen people to receive two Medals of Honor

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010. 
  2. William J. Wild Bill Donovan, Major General, United States Army. Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved on 2012-08-27.
  3. "World War I Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients (Michael Ellis). Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/22923. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  4. "World War I Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients (David Hayden). Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7836663. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  5. "David Ehraim Hayden: Hospitalman, United States Navy". Arlington National Cemetery Website. April 7, 2006. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/dhayden.htm. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  6. "Henry Lincoln Johnson: Sergeant, United States Army". Arlington National Cemetery website. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/henry-johnson.htm. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  7. "World War I Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients (Daniel Sullivan). Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7862849. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  8. "Frank Monroe Upton:Ensign, United States Navy". Arlington National Cemetery website. 23 August 2006. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/fmupton.htm. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  9. "World War I Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients (Frank Upton). Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7862842. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  10. "World War I Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients (Ludovicus Van Iersel). Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7834097. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  11. "World War I Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients (Samuel Woodfill). Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7135841. Retrieved March 17, 2010. 

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

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