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Xu Yongchang
General Xu Yongchang
Native name 徐永昌
Born 1885
Died 1959 (aged 73–74)
Place of birth Yuanping Shanxi
Place of death Taipei, Taiwan
Allegiance Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China
Years of service 1909-1959
Rank General
Unit Shanxi clique
Commands held First War Zone
Awards Order of Blue Sky and White Sun
Other work government advisor

General Xu Yongchang (1887–1959) (Hsu Yung-chang; Chinese: 徐永昌; pinyin: Xú Yǒngchāng; Wade–Giles: Hsu2 Yung3-ch'ang1; style name: Cichen (Tzu-chen)) was the Minister of Board of Military Operations of the Republic of China between December 22, 1948 and April 22, 1949, and the representative of the Republic of China on September 2, 1945 at the signing of the Instrument of Surrender of Japan that ended World War II.

Xu Yongchang graduated from the Beijing Military Institute and later became the General Commander of the 3rd Army under Feng Yü-hsiang and the 20th Route Jin Army under Yen Hsi-shan. He was the Chairman of Shanxi province at the time of Mukden Incident, and served in the National Revolutionary Army as the Chief Operations Supreme Staff.

Tokyo Bay, Japan -- Surrender of Japanese aboard USS "Missouri". General Xu Yongchang ('Hsu Yung-Chang), representing China, signs the instrument of surrender. General Douglas MacArthur, Allied Supreme Commander, is watching; an unidentified Chinese representative observes as he stands with his back to the camera.

After the Second Sino-Japanese War, he was the president of the Beijing Military Institute and the Minister of Defence. He represented China at the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. He went to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War, served as a senior advisor to the President Office and a member of Central Review Committee, and died in 1959.

Xu Yongchang's diary was published by the Academia Sinica's Institute of Modern History in 1989.

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