Young gentlemen is an archaic term that was used in the Royal Navy to refer to boys aspiring to become a commissioned officer. Until promotion to lieutenant, these boys would serve in various ratings, and the term was used to group all these boys together. A similar term today would be officer candidates or cadets.
History[edit | edit source]
In the 18th century Royal Navy, rank and position on board ship was defined by a mix of two hierarchies, an official hierarchy of ranks and a conventionally-recognized social divide between gentlemen and non-gentlemen. Boys aspiring for a commission were often called 'young gentlemen' instead of their substantive rating to distinguish their higher social standing from the ordinary sailors. Boys would join the navy around the age of 12, and they would serve as a servant for one of the officers, as a volunteer, or as a seaman. After about 3 years, they would be promoted to midshipman. 'Young gentlemen' was also used as a synonym for midshipmen. Occasionally, a midshipman would be posted aboard a ship in a lower rating such as able seaman but would eat and sleep with his social equals in the cockpit. Horatio Nelson served as an able seaman aboard the Seahorse. The HMS Bounty was limited to two midshipman posts, but it carried multiple boys that would have been rated as midshipmen aboard other ships, including Peter Heywood, and George Stewart, who was mustered as an able seaman but served as acting master's mate after Fletcher Christian was promoted to acting lieutenant.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Lewis 1939, p. 228
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Midshipman". Encyclopædia Britannica. XVIII (11th ed.). New York: Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 423. http://books.google.com/books?id=4FEEAAAAYAAJ&dq=editions%3ALCCN11027773&lr=&as_brr=4&pg=PA423#v=onepage&q=Midshipman&f=false. Retrieved 2009-09-15.
- Blake & Lawrence 2005, p. 72
- Hamersly 1881, p. 872
- Lewis 1939, p. 267
- "Pitcairn Crew". Pitcairn Island Study Center. 2008. http://library.puc.edu/pitcairn/bounty/crew5.shtml#tinkler. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
References[edit | edit source]
- Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). "The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy". Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811732754. OCLC 70659490. http://books.google.com/books?id=5NdhjSOpqpcC&lpg=PA76&ots=D2aBoFxWSX&dq=Midshipman%20post%20not%20rank&pg=PA72#v=onepage&q=Midshipman%20post%20not%20rank&f=false.
- Hamersly, Lewis (1881). "A Naval Encyclopædia". L. R. Hamersly & Co.. OCLC 8514211. http://books.google.com/books?id=IPvxNqDjeXYC&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0.
- Lavery, Brian (1989). "Nelson's Navy: The Ships, Men and Organization". Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0870212583. OCLC 20997619. http://books.google.com/books?id=DVE5YzfTir4C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Nelson%27s+Navy+Lavery.
- Lewis, Michael (1939). "England's Sea-Officers". London: George Allen & Unwin. OCLC 1084558.
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