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Z-class torpedo boat
Hr._Ms._Z_5.JPG
Z-class torpedoboot Z 5
Class overview
Builders:
  • Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Maatschappij
  • Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde
  • AG Vulcan Stettin
  • Maatschappij Feijenoord
Operators:
  •  Royal Netherlands Navy
  •  Kaiserliche Marine
  •  Polish Navy
  •  Royal Navy
  • Subclasses:
  • V105
  • Z 5
  • Z 1
  • Built: 1914-1920
    In commission: 1915-1945
    Planned: 8
    Completed: 12
    Lost: 4
    Retired: 8
    General characteristics V105 class
    Type: Torpedo boat
    Displacement:
    • 340 tonnes (330 long tons) (standard)
    • 421 tonnes (414 long tons) (full)
    Length: 62.60 m (205 ft 5 in)
    Beam: 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in)
    Draft: 2.50 m (8 ft 2 in)
    Propulsion:
    • 2 × Yarrow steam boilers
    • 2 × AEG Vulcan steam turbines
    • 5,500 hp (4,100 kW)
    Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
    Range:
    • 1,400 nmi (2,600 km; 1,600 mi) at 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph)
    • 640 nautical miles (1,190 km; 740 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
    Complement: 104
    Armament:
    • 2 × 88 mm (3.5 in) guns
    • 2 × 45 cm (18 in) torpedo launchers
    General characteristics Z 5 class
    Type: Torpedo boat
    Displacement:
    • 263 tonnes (259 long tons) (standard)
    Length: 58.5 m (191 ft 11 in)
    Beam: 6.06 m (19 ft 11 in)
    Draft: 1.71 m (5 ft 7 in)
    Propulsion:
    • 3 × cylindrical boilers
    • 2 × triple expansion engines
    • 5,500 hp (4,100 kW)
    Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
    Range:
    • 425 nmi (787 km; 489 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
    Complement: 48
    Armament:
    • 2 × 75 mm (3.0 in) No. 4 guns
    • 2 × 0.5 in (13 mm) guns
    • 4 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
    General characteristics Z 1 class
    Type: Torpedo boat
    Displacement:
    • 277 tonnes (273 long tons) (standard)
    Length: 61.32 m (201 ft 2 in)
    Beam: 6.31 m (20 ft 8 in)
    Draft: 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
    Propulsion:
    • 3 × Water-tube boilers
    • 2 × AEG Vulcan steam turbines
    • 5,500 hp (4,100 kW)
    Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
    Range:
    • 425 nmi (787 km; 489 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
    Complement: 48
    Armament:
    • 2 × 75 mm (3.0 in) No. 4 guns
    • 2 × 0.5 in (13 mm) guns
    • 4 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes

    The Z-class torpedo boats were a class of twelve warships that served in the Dutch Koninklijke Marine, German Kaiserliche Marine, Polish Marynarka Wojenna and British Royal Navy. The Royal Netherlands Navy ordered eight Z-class torpedo boats before the outbreak of World War I, four were to be built by the German shipbuilder AG Vulcan Stettin, to be named Z 1 to Z 4, while four others were to be built in the Netherlands; Z 5 to Z 8. After the outbreak of World War I the four ships under construction in Germany where requisitioned for service in the German navy, resulting in the Dutch Navy to order another four ships to be build in the Netherlands. The ships saw action during both World War I and World War II. One of the German ships was lost in World War I, while one Polish and one Dutch ship sank during World War II. Another Polish torpedo boat sank in peacetime due to a boiler explosion.[citation needed]

    Ships[]

    Z-class torpedo boats
    Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Builder Fate
    V105 class

    V105  Kaiserliche Marine
    Mazur  Polish Navy

    1914 26 August 1914 23 March 1915 AG Vulcan Stettin Served in the German Navy during World War I, was assigned to Brazil after the war but sold to Poland. Sank after being attacked by German aircraft on 1 September 1939 being one of the two first ships to sink during World War II as Germany invaded Poland.
    V106  Kaiserliche Marine 1914 26 August 1914 25 January 1915 AG Vulcan Stettin Served in the German Navy during World War I and was assigned to Brazil after the war. However she was scrapped in 1920 in Britain.
    V107  Kaiserliche Marine 1914 12 December 1914 1915 AG Vulcan Stettin Sank by a mine on 8 May 1915.

    V108  Kaiserliche Marine
    Kaszub  Polish Navy

    1914 12 December 1914 1915 AG Vulcan Stettin Served in the German Navy during World War I and was assigned to Poland after the war. Sank after a boiler explosion on 20 July 1925.
    Z 5 class

    Z 5  Royal Netherlands Navy
    Blade  Royal Navy

    18 February 1914 1 April 1915 8 February 1917 Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde Escaped to England after Germany invaded the Netherlands in World War II, commissioned in to the Royal Navy on 2 March 1942 as HMS Z 5, renamed in May 1943 to HMS Blade. Decommissioned on 9 April 1945 and scrapped in October 1945.
    Z 6  Royal Netherlands Navy 18 February 1914 15 April 1915 8 February 1917 Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde Escaped to England after Germany invaded the Netherlands in World War II, decommissioned on 4 October 1940 due to the bad condition of her machinery. Sold for scrap in March 1942.

    Z 7  Royal Netherlands Navy
    Z 7  Royal Navy

    12 May 1914 10 May 1915 8 September 1916 Maatschappij Feijenoord Escaped to England after Germany invaded the Netherlands in World War II. She was heavily damaged after running aground in December 1940 near Holyhead. Put in a dock in Holyhead, but the damage wasn't repaired. Decommissioned on 16 July 1942 and transferred to the Royal Navy on 1 October 1942. The British didn't use the ship and decommissioned her in January 1944 she was scrapped in 1947.

    Z 8  Royal Netherlands Navy
    Z 8  Royal Navy

    12 May 1914 23 June 1915 22 September 1916 Maatschappij Feijenoord Escaped to England after Germany invaded the Netherlands in World War II. Decommissioned and transferred to the Royal Navy on 1 October 1942. Decommissioned from the Royal Navy in January 1944. Scrapped in August 1944.
    Z 1 class
    Z 1  Royal Netherlands Navy 1919 Decommissioned in 1933.
    Z 2  Royal Netherlands Navy 1921 Decommissioned in 1933.
    Z 3  Royal Netherlands Navy 30 December 1915 23 March 1917 21 August 1920 Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Maatschappij Stationed in the IJsselmeer when Germany invaded the Netherlands in World War II. Rammed a dam and was set on fire on 14 May 1940 to prevent being captured. Refloated and scrapped in 1941.
    Z 4  Royal Netherlands Navy 1921 Decommissioned in 1933.

    References[]



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